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economical

[ek-uh-nom-i-kuh l, ee-kuh-] /ˌɛk əˈnɒm ɪ kəl, ˌi kə-/
adjective
1.
avoiding waste or extravagance; thrifty:
an economical meal; an economical use of interior space.
2.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; economic + -al1
Related forms
noneconomical, adjective
noneconomically, adverb
preeconomical, adjective
preeconomically, adverb
pseudoeconomical, adjective
pseudoeconomically, adverb
quasi-economical, adjective
quasi-economically, adverb
uneconomical, adjective
uneconomically, adverb
Synonyms
1. saving, provident, sparing, parsimonious. Economical, thrifty, frugal imply careful and saving use of resources. Economical implies prudent planning in the disposition of resources so as to avoid unnecessary waste or expense: economical in budgeting household expenditures. Thrifty is a stronger word than economical, and adds to it the idea of industry and successful management: a thrifty shopper looking for bargains. Frugal emphasizes being saving, sometimes excessively saving, especially in such matters as food or dress: frugal almost to the point of being stingy.
Antonyms
1. wasteful, extravagant, spendthrift, prodigal, profligate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un economical

economical

/ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪkəl; ˌɛkə-/
adjective
1.
using the minimum required; not wasteful of time, effort, resources, etc an economical car, an economical style
2.
frugal; thrifty she was economical by nature
3.
a variant of economic (sense 1), economic (sense 2), economic (sense 3), economic (sense 4)
4.
(euphemistic) deliberately withholding information (esp in the phrase economical with the truth)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un economical

economical

adj.

1570s, "pertaining to household management; from economic + -al (1). Meaning "pertaining to political economy" is from 1781; that of "thrifty" is from 1780. Related: Economically.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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