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enfilade

[en-fuh-leyd, -lahd, en-fuh-leyd, -lahd] /ˈɛn fəˌleɪd, -ˌlɑd, ˌɛn fəˈleɪd, -ˈlɑd/
noun
1.
Military.
  1. a position of works, troops, etc., making them subject to a sweeping fire from along the length of a line of troops, a trench, a battery, etc.
  2. the fire thus directed.
2.
Architecture.
  1. an axial arrangement of doorways connecting a suite of rooms with a vista down the whole length of the suite.
  2. an axial arrangement of mirrors on opposite sides of a room so as to give an effect of an infinitely long vista.
verb (used with object), enfiladed, enfilading.
3.
Military. to attack with an enfilade.
Origin
1695-1705
1695-1705; < French, equivalent to enfil(er) to thread, string (en- en-1 + -filer, derivative of fil < Latin fīlum thread) + -ade -ade1
Related forms
unenfiladed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un enfiladed

enfilade

/ˌɛnfɪˈleɪd/
noun
1.
a position or formation subject to fire from a flank along the length of its front
verb (transitive)
2.
to subject (a position or formation) to fire from a flank
3.
to position (troops or guns) so as to be able to fire at a flank
Word Origin
C18: from French: suite, from enfiler to thread on string, from fil thread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un enfiladed

enfilade

n.

1706, from French enfilade, from Old French enfiler (13c.) "to thread (a needle) on a string, pierce from end to end," from en- "put on" (see en- (1)) + fil "thread" (see file (v.)).

Used of rows of apartments and lines of trees before modern military sense came to predominate. As a verb from 1706. Related: Enfiladed; enfilading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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