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extinguish

[ik-sting-gwish] /ɪkˈstɪŋ gwɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted):
to extinguish a candle.
2.
to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate:
to extinguish hope.
3.
to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
4.
Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related forms
extinguishable, adjective
extinguishment, noun
nonextinguishable, adjective
nonextinguished, adjective
preextinguish, verb (used with object)
preextinguishment, noun
self-extinguishing, adjective
unextinguishable, adjective
unextinguished, adjective
Synonyms
1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.
Antonyms
1. light, ignite.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un extinguished

extinguish

/ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
2.
to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
3.
(archaic) to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
4.
(law) to discharge (a debt)
Derived Forms
extinguishable, adjective
extinguisher, noun
extinguishment, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un extinguished
extinguish
c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from L. extinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguisher.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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un extinguished in Medicine

extinguish ex·tin·guish (ĭk-stĭng'gwĭsh)
n. ex·tin·guished, ex·tin·guish·ing, ex·tin·guish·es
To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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