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gloom

[gloom] /glum/
noun
1.
total or partial darkness; dimness.
2.
a state of melancholy or depression; low spirits.
3.
a despondent or depressed look or expression.
verb (used without object)
4.
to appear or become dark, dim, or somber.
5.
to look sad, dismal, or dejected; frown.
verb (used with object)
6.
to fill with gloom; make gloomy or sad; sadden.
7.
to make dark or somber.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English gloumben, glomen to frown, perhaps representing Old English *glūmian (akin to early German gläumen to make turbid); see glum
Related forms
gloomful, adjective
gloomfully, adverb
gloomless, adjective
outgloom, verb (used with object)
undergloom, noun
ungloom, verb (used with object)
Synonyms
1. shadow, shade, obscurity. 2. dejection, despondency, sadness.
Antonyms
1. brightness. 2. cheerfulness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un gloom

gloom

/ɡluːm/
noun
1.
partial or total darkness
2.
a state of depression or melancholy
3.
an appearance or expression of despondency or melancholy
4.
(poetic) a dim or dark place
verb
5.
(intransitive) to look sullen or depressed
6.
to make or become dark or gloomy
Derived Forms
gloomful, adjective
gloomfully, adverb
gloomless, adjective
Word Origin
C14 gloumben to look sullen; related to Norwegian dialect glome to eye suspiciously
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un gloom

gloom

c.1300 as a verb, "to look sullen or displeased," perhaps from Scandinavian (cf. Norwegian dialectal glome "to stare somberly"). Not considered to be related to Old English glom "twilight," but perhaps to Middle Low German glum "turbid," Dutch gluren "to leer." The noun is 1590s in Scottish, "sullen look," from the verb. Sense of "darkness, obscurity" is first recorded 1629 in Milton's poetry; that of "melancholy" is 1744 (gloomy in this sense is attested from 1580s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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