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mantle

[man-tl] /ˈmæn tl/
noun
1.
a loose, sleeveless cloak or cape.
2.
something that covers, envelops, or conceals:
the mantle of darkness.
3.
Geology. the portion of the earth, about 1800 miles (2900 km) thick, between the crust and the core.
Compare core1 (def 10), crust (def 6).
4.
Zoology. a single or paired outgrowth of the body wall that lines the inner surface of the valves of the shell in mollusks and brachiopods.
5.
a chemically prepared, incombustible network hood for a gas jet, kerosene wick, etc., that, when the jet or wick is lighted, becomes incandescent and gives off a brilliant light.
6.
Ornithology. the back, scapular, and inner wing plumage, especially when of the same color and distinct from other plumage.
7.
8.
Metallurgy. a continuous beam set on a ring of columns and supporting the upper brickwork of a blast furnace in such a way that the brickwork of the hearth and bosh may be readily replaced.
verb (used with object), mantled, mantling.
9.
to cover with or as if with a mantle; envelop; conceal.
verb (used without object), mantled, mantling.
10.
to spread or cover a surface, as a blush over the face.
11.
to flush; blush.
12.
(of a hawk) to spread out one wing and then the other over the corresponding outstretched leg.
13.
to be or become covered with a coating, as a liquid; foam:
The champagne mantled in the glass.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English mantel, Old English mæntel < Latin mantellum
Related forms
unmantled, adjective
Can be confused
mantel, mantle.
Synonyms
2. veil, cover, blanket, screen, cloak.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un mantled

mantle

/ˈmæntəl/
noun
1.
(archaic) a loose wrap or cloak
2.
such a garment regarded as a symbol of someone's power or authority: he assumed his father's mantle
3.
anything that covers completely or envelops: a mantle of snow
4.
a small dome-shaped or cylindrical mesh impregnated with cerium or thorium nitrates, used to increase illumination in a gas or oil lamp
5.
(zoology) Also called pallium
  1. a protective layer of epidermis in molluscs that secretes a substance forming the shell
  2. a similar structure in brachiopods
6.
(ornithol) the feathers of the folded wings and back, esp when these are of a different colour from the remaining feathers
7.
(geology) the part of the earth between the crust and the core, accounting for more than 82% of the earth's volume (but only 68% of its mass) and thought to be composed largely of peridotite See also asthenosphere
8.
a less common spelling of mantel
9.
(anatomy) another word for pallium (sense 3)
10.
a clay mould formed around a wax model which is subsequently melted out
verb
11.
(transitive) to envelop or supply with a mantle
12.
to spread over or become spread over: the trees were mantled with snow
13.
(transitive) (of the face, cheeks) to become suffused with blood; flush
14.
(intransitive) (falconry) (of a hawk or falcon) to spread the wings and tail over food
Word Origin
C13: via Old French from Latin mantellum, diminutive of mantum cloak
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un mantled

mantle

n.

Old English mentel "loose, sleeveless cloak," from Latin mantellum "cloak" (source of Italian mantello, Old High German mantal, German Mantel, Old Norse mötull), perhaps from a Celtic source. Reinforced and altered 12c. by cognate Old French mantel "cloak, mantle; bedspread, cover" (Modern French manteau), also from the Latin source. Figurative sense "that which enshrouds" is from c.1300. Allusive use for "symbol of literary authority or artistic pre-eminence" is from Elijah's mantle [2 Kings ii:13]. As a layer of the earth between the crust and core (though not originally distinguished from the core) it is attested from 1940.

v.

"to wrap in a mantle," early 13c.; figurative use from mid-15c., from mantle (n.) or from Old French manteler. Related: Mantled; mantling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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un mantled in Medicine

mantle man·tle (mān'tl)
n.

  1. A covering layer of tissue.

  2. See pallium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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un mantled in Science
mantle
  (mān'tl)   
  1. The layer of the Earth between the crust and the core. It is about 2,900 km (1,798 mi) thick and consists mainly of magnesium-iron silicate minerals, such as olivine and pyroxene. It has an upper, partially molten part, which is about 660 km (409 mi) thick, and a lower, solid part. The upper mantle is the source of magma and volcanic lava.

  2. The layer of soft tissue that covers the body of a clam, oyster, or other mollusk and secretes the material that forms the shell.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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un mantled in Culture

mantle definition


The region of the interior of the Earth between the core (on its inner surface) and the crust (on its outer).

Note: The mantle is more than two thousand miles thick and accounts for more than three-quarters of the volume of the Earth.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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un mantled in the Bible

(1.) Heb. 'addereth, a large over-garment. This word is used of Elijah's mantle (1 Kings 19:13, 19; 2 Kings 2:8, 13, etc.), which was probably a sheepskin. It appears to have been his only garment, a strip of skin or leather binding it to his loins. _'Addereth_ twice occurs with the epithet "hairy" (Gen. 25:25; Zech. 13:4, R.V.). It is the word denoting the "goodly Babylonish garment" which Achan coveted (Josh. 7:21). (2.) Heb. me'il, frequently applied to the "robe of the ephod" (Ex. 28:4, 31; Lev. 8:7), which was a splendid under tunic wholly of blue, reaching to below the knees. It was woven without seam, and was put on by being drawn over the head. It was worn not only by priests but by kings (1 Sam. 24:4), prophets (15:27), and rich men (Job 1:20; 2:12). This was the "little coat" which Samuel's mother brought to him from year to year to Shiloh (1 Sam. 2:19), a miniature of the official priestly robe. (3.) Semikah, "a rug," the garment which Jael threw as a covering over Sisera (Judg. 4:18). The Hebrew word occurs nowhere else in Scripture. (4.) Maataphoth, plural, only in Isa. 3:22, denoting a large exterior tunic worn by females. (See DRESS.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for un mantled

mantle

cloak fashioned from a rectangular piece of cloth, usually sleeveless, of varying width and length, wrapped loosely around the body. Usually worn as an outer garment in the ancient Mediterranean world, it developed in different styles, colours, and materials. The Greek chlamys (worn only by men) was a short mantle draped around the upper shoulders, pinned on the right shoulder with a brooch. It left the right arm free and was often used by travellers and military men. The Greek himation, draped in various ways, was a larger Greek mantle

Learn more about mantle with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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