a solid measure for stone, usually taken as 198 inches by 18 inches by 12 inches
a pole joining the front and rear axles of a carriage
a frame on which cloth is placed for inspection
(obsolete or dialect) a pole
(usually foll by on) to alight, rest, or cause to rest on or as if on a perch the bird perched on the branch, the cap was perched on his head
(transitive) to inspect (cloth) on a perch
C13 perche stake, from Old French, from Latin pertica long staff
noun (pl) perch, perches
any freshwater spiny-finned teleost fish of the family Percidae, esp those of the genus Perca, such as P. fluviatilis of Europe and P. flavescens (yellow perch) of North America: valued as food and game fishes
any of various similar or related fishes
C13: from Old French perche, from Latin perca, from Greek perkē; compare Greek perkos spotted
"where a bird rests," late 13c., "a pole, rod, stick, stake," from O.Fr. perche "unit of linear measurement" (5.5 yards), also "measuring rod, pole, bar" used to measure this length (13c.), from L. pertica "pole, long staff, measuring rod," related to Oscan perek "pole," Umbrian perkaf "twigs, rods." Meaning "a bar fixed horizontally for a hawk or tame bird to rest on" is attested from late 14c.; this led to general sense of "any thing that any bird alights or rests on" (late 15c.). Figurative sense of "an elevated or secure position" is recorded from 1520s. The verb is first recorded late 14c., from the noun. The "land-measuring rod" sense also was in M.E., hence surviving meaning "measure of land equal to a square lineal perch" (usually 160 to the acre), mid-15c.
"spiny-finned freshwater fish," c.1300, from O.Fr. perche, from L. perca "perch," from Gk. perke, from PIE base *perk-/*prek- "speckled, spotted" (cf. Skt. prsnih "speckled, variegated;" Gk. perknos "dark-colored," perkazein "to become dark").