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pinion2

[pin-yuh n] /ˈpɪn yən/
noun
1.
the distal or terminal segment of the wing of a bird consisting of the carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges.
2.
the wing of a bird.
3.
a feather.
4.
the flight feathers collectively.
verb (used with object)
5.
to cut off the pinion of (a wing) or bind (the wings), as in order to prevent a bird from flying.
6.
to disable or restrain (a bird) in such a manner.
7.
to bind (a person's arms or hands) so they cannot be used.
8.
to disable (someone) in such a manner; shackle.
9.
to bind or hold fast, as to a thing:
to be pinioned to one's bad habits.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English pynyon < Middle French pignon wing, pinion < Vulgar Latin *pinniōn (stem of pinniō), derivative of Latin pinna feather, wing, fin
Related forms
unpinioned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un pinioned

pinion1

/ˈpɪnjən/
noun
1.
(mainly poetic) a bird's wing
2.
the part of a bird's wing including the flight feathers
verb (transitive)
3.
to hold or bind (the arms) of (a person) so as to restrain or immobilize him
4.
to confine or shackle
5.
to make (a bird) incapable of flight by removing that part of (the wing) from which the flight feathers grow
Word Origin
C15: from Old French pignon wing, from Latin pinna wing

pinion2

/ˈpɪnjən/
noun
1.
a cogwheel that engages with a larger wheel or rack, which it drives or by which it is driven
Word Origin
C17: from French pignon cogwheel, from Old French peigne comb, from Latin pecten comb; see pecten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un pinioned

pinion

n.

"wing joint, segment of a bird's wing," mid-15c., from Old French pignon "wing-feather, wing, pinion" (c.1400), from Vulgar Latin *pinnionem (nominative *pinnio), augmentative of Latin pinna "wing" (see pin (n.)).

"small wheel with teeth to gear with a larger one" (as in rack and pinion), 1650s, from French pignon "pinion" (16c.), literally "gable," from Old French pignon "pointed gable, summit," from Vulgar Latin *pinnionem, augmentative of Latin pinna "battlement, pinnacle" (see pin (n.)).

v.

"disable by binding the arms," 1550s, older in English than literal sense "cut or bind the pinions (of a bird's wing) to prevent flying" (1570s); from pinion (n.1). Related: Pinioned.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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