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purchase

[pur-chuh s] /ˈpɜr tʃəs/
verb (used with object), purchased, purchasing.
1.
to acquire by the payment of money or its equivalent; buy.
2.
to acquire by effort, sacrifice, flattery, etc.
3.
to influence by a bribe.
4.
to be sufficient to buy:
Twenty dollars purchases a subscription.
5.
Law. to acquire (land or other property) by means other than inheritance.
6.
to move, haul, or raise, especially by applying mechanical power.
7.
to get a leverage on; apply a lever, pulley, or other aid to.
8.
Obsolete. to procure, acquire, or obtain.
verb (used without object), purchased, purchasing.
9.
to buy something.
noun
10.
acquisition by the payment of money or its equivalent; buying, or a single act of buying.
11.
something that is purchased or bought.
12.
something purchased, with respect to value in relation to price; buy:
At three for a dollar they seemed like a good purchase.
13.
Law. the acquisition of land or other property by means other than inheritance.
14.
acquisition by means of effort, labor, etc.:
the purchase of comfort at the price of freedom.
15.
a lever, pulley, or other device that provides mechanical advantage or power for moving or raising a heavy object.
16.
an effective hold or position for applying power in moving or raising a heavy object; leverage.
17.
any means of applying or increasing power, influence, etc.
18.
the annual return or rent from land.
19.
a firm grip or grasp, footing, etc., on something.
20.
Obsolete, booty.
Origin
1150
before 1150; (v.) Middle English purchasen < Anglo-French purchacer to seek to obtain, procure (Old French pourchacier), equivalent to pur- (< Latin prō pro1) + chacer to chase1; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French purchas (Old French porchas), derivative of the v.
Related forms
purchaser, noun
mispurchase, verb (used with object), mispurchased, mispurchasing.
nonpurchase, noun
nonpurchaser, noun
overpurchase, verb (used with object), overpurchased, overpurchasing.
prepurchase, noun, verb (used with object), prepurchased, prepurchasing.
prepurchaser, noun
quasi-purchased, adjective
unpurchased, adjective
Synonyms
1. get, obtain, procure. See buy. 15. winch, capstan.
Antonyms
1. sell.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un purchased

purchase

/ˈpɜːtʃɪs/
verb (transitive)
1.
to obtain (goods, etc) by payment
2.
to obtain by effort, sacrifice, etc to purchase one's freedom
3.
to draw, haul, or lift (a load) with the aid of mechanical apparatus
4.
to acquire (an estate) other than by inheritance
noun
5.
something that is purchased, esp an article bought with money
6.
the act of buying
7.
acquisition of an estate by any lawful means other than inheritance
8.
a rough measure of the mechanical advantage achieved by a lever
9.
a firm foothold, grasp, etc, as for climbing or levering something
10.
a means of achieving some influence, advantage, etc
Derived Forms
purchaser, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French porchacier to strive to obtain, from por- for +chacier to chase1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un purchased
purchase
late 13c., "obtain, contrive, bring about," from Anglo-Fr. purchaser "go after," from pur- "forth" (possibly used here as an intensive prefix; see purblind) + O.Fr. chacier "run after" (see chase). Sense of "buy" first recorded late 14c., though the word continued to be used for "to get by conquest in war, obtain as booty" up to 17c. Noun meaning "that which is bought" is recorded from 1580s. The sense of "hold or position for advantageously applying power" (1711) is extended from the nautical verb meaning "to haul or draw (especially by mechanical power)," used especially of hauling up anchors, and attested from 1560s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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