un refraining


1 [ri-freyn]
verb (used without object)
to abstain from an impulse to say or do something (often followed by from ): I refrained from telling him what I thought.
verb (used with object)
Archaic. to curb.

1300–50; Middle English refreinen < Old French refrener < Latin refrēnāre to bridle, equivalent to re- re- + frēn(um) bridle + -āre infinitive suffix

refrainer, noun
refrainment, noun
unrefrained, adjective
unrefraining, adjective

refrain, restrain.

1. forbear, desist.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
refrain1 (rɪˈfreɪn)
vb (usually foll by from)
to abstain (from action); forbear
[C14: from Latin refrēnāre to check with a bridle, from re- + frēnum a bridle]

refrain2 (rɪˈfreɪn)
1.  a regularly recurring melody, such as the chorus of a song
2.  a much repeated saying or idea
[C14: via Old French, ultimately from Latin refringere to break into pieces]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from O.Fr. refraigner "restrain, repress" (12c.), from L. refrenare "bridle, hold in with a bit," from re- "back" + frenare "restrain, furnish with a bridle," from frenum "a bridle."

late 14c., from O.Fr. refrain, alteration of refrait, properly pp. of refraindre "repeat," also "break off," from Prov. refranhar "singing of birds, refrain," from V.L. *refrangere "break off," alteration of L. refringere (see refraction). The notion is of something that
causes a song to "break off" then resume. Not common before 19c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

refrain definition

In some pieces of verse, a set of words repeated at the end of each stanza.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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