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scarify

[skar-uh-fahy] /ˈskær əˌfaɪ/
verb (used with object), scarified, scarifying.
1.
to make scratches or superficial incisions in (the skin, a wound, etc.), as in vaccination.
2.
to lacerate by severe criticism.
3.
to loosen (the soil) with a type of cultivator.
4.
to hasten the sprouting of (hard-covered seeds) by making incisions in the seed coats.
5.
to break up (a road surface).
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English scarifie < Middle French scarifier < Late Latin scarīficāre, alteration of Latin scarīfāre, scarīphāre to make scratches < Greek skarīphâsthai to sketch, derivative of skárīphos stylus; see -ify
Related forms
scarifier, noun
unscarified, adjective
Can be confused
scarify, scorify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un scarified

scarify1

/ˈskɛərɪˌfaɪ; ˈskærɪ-/
verb (transitive) -fies, -fying, -fied
1.
(surgery) to make tiny punctures or superficial incisions in (the skin or other tissue), as for inoculating
2.
(agriculture)
  1. to break up and loosen (soil) to a shallow depth
  2. to scratch or abrade the outer surface of (seeds) to increase water absorption or hasten germination
3.
to wound with harsh criticism
Derived Forms
scarification, noun
scarifier, noun
Word Origin
C15: via Old French from Latin scarīfāre to scratch open, from Greek skariphasthai to draw, from skariphos a pencil

scarify2

/ˈskɛərɪˌfaɪ/
verb -fies, -fying, -fied
1.
(transitive) (informal) to make scared; frighten
Derived Forms
scarifyingly, adverb
Usage note
Scarify is sometimes wrongly thought to mean the same as scare: a frightening (not scarifying) film
Word Origin
C18: from scare + -ify
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un scarified

scarify

v.

mid-15c., "make incisions in the bark of a tree," from Middle French scarifier "score, scrape" (leather or hide), 14c., from Late Latin scarificare (see scarification). The sense "cover with scars" (1680s) is a sense-shift from influence of scar (v.). Related: Scarified; scarifier; scarifying.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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un scarified in Medicine

scarify scar·i·fy (skār'ə-fī')
v. scar·i·fied, scar·i·fy·ing, scar·i·fies
To make shallow cuts in the skin, as when vaccinating.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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