un surrounded


verb (used with object)
to enclose on all sides; encompass: She was surrounded by reporters.
to form an enclosure round; encircle: A stone wall surrounds the estate.
to enclose (a body of troops, a fort or town, etc.) so as to cut off communication or retreat.
something that surrounds, as the area, border, etc., around an object or central space: a tile surround for the shower stall.
environment or setting: The designer created a Persian surround for the new restaurant.
a means of hunting in which wild animals are encircled and chased into a special spot that makes their escape impossible.
the act of hunting by this means.
the location encircled by hunters using this means.

1400–50; late Middle English surounden to inundate, submerge < Anglo-French surounder, Middle French s(o)ronder < Late Latin superundāre to overflow, equivalent to Latin super- super- + undāre to flood, derivative of unda wave (see undulate); current spelling by analysis as sur-1 + round1 (v.)

presurround, verb (used with object)
unsurrounded, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
surround (səˈraʊnd)
1.  to encircle or enclose or cause to be encircled or enclosed
2.  to deploy forces on all sides of (a place or military formation), so preventing access or retreat
3.  to exist around: I dislike the people who surround her
4.  chiefly (Brit) a border, esp the area of uncovered floor between the walls of a room and the carpet or around an opening or panel
5.  chiefly (US)
 a.  a method of capturing wild beasts by encircling the area in which they are believed to be
 b.  the area so encircled
[C15 surrounden to overflow, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre, from Latin super- + undāre to abound, from unda a wave]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1423, "to flood, overflow," from M.Fr. soronder "to overflow, abound, surpass, dominate," from L.L. superundare "overflow," from L. super "over" (see super-) + undare "to flow in waves," from unda "wave" (see water; and cf.
abound). Sense of "to shut in on all sides" first recorded 1616, influenced by figurative meaning in Fr. of "dominate," and by sound association with round. First record of surroundings in sense of "environment" is from 1861.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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