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companion1

[kuh m-pan-yuh n] /kəmˈpæn yən/
noun
1.
a person who is frequently in the company of, associates with, or accompanies another:
my son and his two companions.
2.
a person employed to accompany, assist, or live with another in the capacity of a helpful friend.
3.
a mate or match for something:
White wine is the usual companion of fish.
4.
a handbook or guide:
a bird watcher's companion.
5.
a member of the lowest rank in an order of knighthood or of a grade in an order.
6.
Also called companion star, comes. Astronomy. the fainter of the two stars that constitute a double star.
Compare primary (def 19b).
7.
Obsolete. a fellow.
verb (used with object)
8.
to be a companion to; accompany.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English compainoun < Anglo-French; Old French compaignon < Late Latin compāniōn- (stem of compāniō) messmate, equivalent to com- com- + pān(is) bread + -iōn- -ion; presumably as translation of a Gmc word; compare Gothic gahlaiba, Old High German galeipo
Related forms
companionless, adjective
uncompanioned, adjective
Synonyms
1. comrade, partner, mate. See acquaintance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un-companioned

companion1

/kəmˈpænjən/
noun
1.
a person who is an associate of another or others; comrade
2.
(esp formerly) an employee, usually a woman, who provides company for an employer, esp an elderly woman
3.
  1. one of a pair; match
  2. (as modifier): a companion volume
4.
a guidebook or handbook
5.
a member of the lowest rank of any of certain orders of knighthood
6.
(astronomy) the fainter of the two components of a double star
verb
7.
(transitive) to accompany or be a companion to
Derived Forms
companionless, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Late Latin compāniō, literally: one who eats bread with another, from Latin com- with + pānis bread

companion2

/kəmˈpænjən/
noun
1.
(nautical)
  1. a raised frame on an upper deck with windows to give light to the deck below
  2. (as modifier): a companion ladder
Word Origin
C18: from Dutch kompanje quarterdeck, from Old French compagne, from Old Italian compagna pantry, perhaps ultimately from Latin pānis bread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un-companioned

companion

n.

c.1300, from Old French compagnon "fellow, mate, friend, partner" (12c.), from Late Latin companionem (nominative companio), literally "bread fellow, messmate," from Latin com- "with" (see com-) + panis "bread" (see food).

Found first in 6c. Frankish Lex Salica, and probably a translation of a Germanic word (cf. Gothic gahlaiba "messmate," from hlaib "loaf of bread"). Replaced Old English gefera "traveling companion," from faran "go, fare."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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