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govern

[guhv-ern] /ˈgʌv ərn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to rule over by right of authority:
to govern a nation.
2.
to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; guide:
the motives governing a decision.
3.
to hold in check; control:
to govern one's temper.
4.
to serve as or constitute a law for:
the principles governing a case.
5.
Grammar. to be regularly accompanied by or require the use of (a particular form). In They helped us, the verb helped governs the objective case of the pronoun we.
6.
to regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.
verb (used without object)
7.
to exercise the function of government.
8.
to have predominating influence.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French gouverner < Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship) < Greek kybernân to steer
Related forms
governable, adjective
governability, governableness, noun
overgovern, verb (used with object)
regovern, verb (used with object)
supergovern, verb (used with object)
ungoverned, adjective
ungoverning, adjective
well-governed, adjective
Synonyms
1. reign. See rule. 2. control, sway, influence, conduct, supervise, superintend.
Antonyms
1. obey.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un-governing

govern

/ˈɡʌvən/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(also intransitive) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
2.
to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper
3.
to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports
4.
to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
5.
to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
6.
(of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them
Derived Forms
governable, adjective
governability, governableness, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un-governing

govern

v.

late 13c., from Old French governer (11c., Modern French gouverner) "govern," from Latin gubernare "to direct, rule, guide, govern" (cf. Spanish gobernar, Italian governare), originally "to steer," a nautical borrowing from Greek kybernan "to steer or pilot a ship, direct" (the root of cybernetics). The -k- to -g- sound shift is perhaps via the medium of Etruscan. Related: Governed; governing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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