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parch

[pahrch] /pɑrtʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make extremely, excessively, or completely dry, as heat, sun, and wind do.
2.
to make dry, hot, or thirsty:
Walking in the sun parched his throat.
3.
to dry (peas, beans, grain, etc.) by exposure to heat without burning; to toast or roast slightly:
A staple of the Indian diet was parched corn.
4.
to dry or shrivel with cold.
verb (used without object)
5.
to suffer from heat, thirst, or need of water.
6.
to become parched; undergo drying by heat.
7.
to dry (usually followed by up).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English perchen < ?
Related forms
parchable, adjective
parchedly
[pahr-chid-lee, pahrcht-] /ˈpɑr tʃɪd li, ˈpɑrtʃt-/ (Show IPA),
adverb
parchedness, noun
parchingly, adverb
unparched, adjective
unparching, adjective
Synonyms
1. dry, shrivel, dessicate.
Antonyms
wet, moisten.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un-parching

parch

/pɑːtʃ/
verb
1.
to deprive or be deprived of water; dry up: the sun parches the fields
2.
(transitive; usually passive) to make very thirsty: I was parched after the run
3.
(transitive) to roast (corn, etc) lightly
Word Origin
C14: of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un-parching

parch

v.

late 14c., "to roast or dry" (peas, beans, corn, etc.), of uncertain origin. Klein and OED reject derivations from Old North French perchier (Old French percer) "to pierce" and Latin persiccare "to dry thoroughly." Barnhart suggests possibly from Middle English perchen, variant of perishen "to perish" (see perish). Klein "tentatively" suggests a back-formation from parchment. Surname Parchecorn is attested from mid-14c. Meaning "to dry with excessive heat" is mid-15c. Related: Parched; parching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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