a light, usually open building used for shelter, concerts, exhibits, etc., as in a park or fair.
any of a number of separate or attached buildings forming a hospital or the like.
Architecture. a projecting element of a façade, used especially at the center or at each end and usually treated so as to suggest a tower.
a tent, especially a large and elaborate one.
a small, ornamental building in a garden.
Also called base. Jewelry. the part of a cut gem below the girdle.
verb (used with object)
to shelter in or as if in a pavilion.
to furnish with pavilions.

1250–1300; Middle English pavilon < Old French paveillon < Latin pāpiliōn- (stem of pāpiliō) butterfly

unpavilioned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pavilion (pəˈvɪljən)
1.  (Brit) a building at a sports ground, esp a cricket pitch, in which players change
2.  a summerhouse or other decorative shelter
3.  a building or temporary structure, esp one that is open and ornamental, for housing exhibitions
4.  a large ornate tent, esp one with a peaked top, as used by medieval armies
5.  one of a set of buildings that together form a hospital or other large institution
6.  one of four main facets on a brilliant-cut stone between the girdle and the culet
7.  to place or set in or as if in a pavilion: pavilioned in splendour
8.  to provide with a pavilion or pavilions
[C13: from Old French pavillon canopied structure, from Latin pāpiliō butterfly, tent]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "large, stately tent," from O.Fr. paveillun (12c.), from L. papilionem (nom. papilio) "tent," lit. "butterfly," on resemblance of wings. Of unknown origin. Meaning "open building in a park, etc., used for shelter or entertainment" is attested from 1687.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Pavilion definition

a tent or tabernacle (2 Sam. 22:12; 1 Kings 20:12-16), or enclosure (Ps. 18:11; 27:5). In Jer. 43:10 it probably denotes the canopy suspended over the judgement-seat of the king.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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