the visual and especially tactile quality of a surface: rough texture.
the characteristic structure of the interwoven or intertwined threads, strands, or the like, that make up a textile fabric: coarse texture.
the characteristic physical structure given to a material, an object, etc., by the size, shape, arrangement, and proportions of its parts: soil of a sandy texture; a cake with a heavy texture.
an essential or characteristic quality; essence.
Fine Arts.
the characteristic visual and tactile quality of the surface of a work of art resulting from the way in which the materials are used.
the imitation of the tactile quality of represented objects.
the quality given, as to a musical or literary work, by the combination or interrelation of parts or elements.
a rough or grainy surface quality.
anything produced by weaving; woven fabric.
verb (used with object), textured, texturing.
to give texture or a particular texture to.
to make by or as if by weaving.

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin textūra web, equivalent to text(us) (past participle of texere to weave) + -ūra -ure

textural, adjective
texturally, adverb
textureless, adjective
nontextural, adjective
nontexturally, adverb
retexture, verb (used with object), retextured, retexturing.
semitextural, adjective
semitexturally, adverb
untextural, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
texture (ˈtɛkstʃə)
1.  the surface of a material, esp as perceived by the sense of touch: a wall with a rough texture
2.  the structure, appearance, and feel of a woven fabric
3.  the general structure and disposition of the constituent parts of something: the texture of a cake
4.  the distinctive character or quality of something: the texture of life in America
5.  the nature of a surface other than smooth: woollen cloth has plenty of texture
6.  art the representation of the nature of a surface: the painter caught the grainy texture of the sand
7.  a.  music considered as the interrelationship between the horizontally presented aspects of melody and rhythm and the vertically represented aspect of harmony: a contrapuntal texture
 b.  the nature and quality of the instrumentation of a passage, piece, etc
8.  (tr) to give a distinctive usually rough or grainy texture to
[C15: from Latin textūra web, from texere to weave]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., "network, structure," from M.Fr., from L. textura "web, texture, structure," from stem of texere "to weave," from PIE base *tek- "to make" (cf. Skt. taksati "he fashions, constructs," taksan "carpenter;" Avestan taa "ax, hatchet," thwax- "be busy;" O.Pers. tax- "be active;" Gk. tekton "carpenter,"
tekhne "art;" O.C.S. tesla "ax, hatchet;" Lith. tasau "to carve;" O.Ir. tal "cooper's ax;" O.H.G. dahs, Ger. Dachs "badger," lit. "builder;" Hittite taksh- "to join, unite, build"). Meaning "structural character" is recorded from 1650s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

texture tex·ture (těks'chər)
The composition or structure of a tissue or organ.

tex'tured adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
texture   (těks'chər)  Pronunciation Key 
The general physical appearance of a rock, especially with respect to the size, shape, size variability, and geometric arrangement of its mineral crystals (for igneous and metamorphic rocks) and of its constituent elements (for sedimentary rocks). A sandstone that forms as part of an eolian (wind-blown) deposit, for example, has a texture that reflects its small, rounded sand grains of uniform size, while a sandstone that formed as part of a fluvial deposit has a texture reflecting the presence of grains of varying sizes, with some more rounded than others.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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