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adverse

[ad-vurs, ad-vurs] /ædˈvɜrs, ˈæd vɜrs/
adjective
1.
unfavorable or antagonistic in purpose or effect:
adverse criticism.
2.
opposing one's interests or desire:
adverse circumstances.
3.
being or acting in a contrary direction; opposed or opposing:
adverse winds.
4.
opposite; confronting:
the adverse page.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French advers < Latin adversus hostile (past participle of advertere), equivalent to ad- ad- + vert- turn + -tus past participle suffix, with -tt- > -s-
Related forms
adversely, adverb
adverseness, noun
unadverse, adjective
unadversely, adverb
unadverseness, noun
Can be confused
adverse, averse (see usage note at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. hostile, inimical, unfriendly. 2. unfavorable; unlucky, unfortunate; disastrous, calamitous, catastrophic. See contrary.
Antonyms
1–3. favorable.
Usage note
The adjectives adverse and averse are related both etymologically and semantically, each having “opposition” as a central sense. Adverse is seldom used of people but rather of effects or events, and it usually conveys a sense of hostility or harmfulness: adverse reviews; adverse winds; adverse trends in the economy. Related nouns are adversity and adversary: Adversities breed bitterness. His adversaries countered his every move. Averse is used of persons and means “feeling opposed or disinclined”; it often occurs idiomatically with a preceding negative to convey the opposite meaning “willing or agreeable,” and is not interchangeable with adverse in these contexts: We are not averse to holding another meeting. The related noun is aversion: She has a strong aversion to violence. Averse is usually followed by to, in older use occasionally by from.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for unadverse

adverse

/ˈædvɜːs; ædˈvɜːs/
adjective
1.
antagonistic or inimical; hostile: adverse criticism
2.
unfavourable to one's interests: adverse circumstances
3.
contrary or opposite in direction or position: adverse winds
4.
(of leaves, flowers, etc) facing the main stem Compare averse (sense 2)
Derived Forms
adversely, adverb
adverseness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin adversus opposed to, hostile, from advertere to turn towards, from ad- to, towards + vertere to turn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for unadverse

adverse

adj.

late 14c., "contrary, opposing," from Old French avers (13c., Modern French adverse) "antagonistic, unfriendly, contrary, foreign" (e.g. gent avers "infidel race"), from Latin adversus "turned against, turned toward, fronting, facing," figuratively "hostile, adverse, unfavorable," past participle of advertere, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + vertere "to turn" (see versus). Related: Adversely.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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