uncial

[uhn-shee-uhl, -shuhl]
adjective
1.
designating, written in, or pertaining to a form of majuscule writing having a curved or rounded shape and used chiefly in Greek and Latin manuscripts from about the 3rd to the 9th century a.d.
noun
2.
an uncial letter.
3.
uncial writing.
4.
a manuscript written in uncials.

Origin:
1640–50; < Late Latin unciālēs (litterae) (Jerome) uncial (letters), plural of Latin unciālis weighing one twelfth of a libra (see uncia, -al1); literal sense is unclear

uncially, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
uncial (ˈʌnsɪəl)
 
adj
1.  of, relating to, or written in majuscule letters, as used in Greek and Latin manuscripts of the third to ninth centuries, that resemble modern capitals, but are characterized by much greater curvature and inclination and general inequality of height
2.  pertaining to an inch or an ounce
3.  pertaining to the duodecimal system
 
n
4.  an uncial letter or manuscript
 
[C17: from Late Latin unciāles litterae letters an inch long, from Latin unciālis, from uncia one twelfth, inch, ounce1]
 
'uncially
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

uncial
1650, "pertaining to an ounce," from L. uncialis "of an inch, of an ounce," from uncia "a twelfth part" (see inch). In ref. to letters, it is attested from 1712, from L.L. litteræ unciales (Jerome), probably meaning "letters an inch high," from L. uncialis "of an inch, inch-high."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

uncial

in calligraphy, ancient majuscular book hand characterized by simple, rounded strokes. It apparently originated in the 2nd century AD when the codex form of book developed along with the growing use of parchment and vellum as writing surfaces. Unlike its prototype square roman, uncial is adapted to direct strokes of the pen held in one position and was thus the natural favourite of scribes; most of the works of Latin literature for more than 500 years were copied in this hand

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for uncial
In the second and third centuries the uncial lettering style developed.
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