verb (used with object)
to demand by or as by virtue of a right; demand as a right or as due: to claim an estate by inheritance.
to assert and demand the recognition of (a right, title, possession, etc.); assert one's right to: to claim payment for services.
to assert or maintain as a fact: She claimed that he was telling the truth.
to require as due or fitting: to claim respect.
verb (used without object)
to make or file a claim: to claim for additional compensation.
a demand for something as due; an assertion of a right or an alleged right: He made unreasonable claims on the doctor's time.
an assertion of something as a fact: He made no claims to originality.
a right to claim or demand; a just title to something: His claim to the heavyweight title is disputed.
something that is claimed, especially a piece of public land for which formal request is made for mining or other purposes.
a request or demand for payment in accordance with an insurance policy, a workers' compensation law, etc.: We filed a claim for compensation from the company.
lay claim to, to declare oneself entitled to: I have never laid claim to being an expert in tax laws.

1250–1300; (v.) Middle English claimen < Anglo-French, Old French claimer < Latin clāmāre to cry out; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French cla(i)me, noun derivative of the v.

claimable, adjective
claimless, adjective
misclaim, verb (used with object)
nonclaimable, adjective
overclaim, verb (used with object)
preclaim, verb (used with object), noun
superclaim, noun
unclaimed, adjective
unclaiming, adjective

1. See demand. 6. request, requisition, call.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
claim (kleɪm)
1.  to demand as being due or as one's property; assert one's title or right to: he claimed the record
2.  (takes a clause as object or an infinitive) to assert as a fact; maintain against denial: he claimed to be telling the truth
3.  to call for or need; deserve: this problem claims our attention
4.  to take: the accident claimed four lives
5.  an assertion of a right; a demand for something as due
6.  an assertion of something as true, real, or factual: he made claims for his innocence
7.  a right or just title to something; basis for demand: a claim to fame
8.  lay claim to, stake a claim to to assert one's possession of or right to
9.  anything that is claimed, esp in a formal or legal manner, such as a piece of land staked out by a miner
10.  law former name writ a document under seal, issued in the name of the Crown or a court, commanding the person to whom it is addressed to do or refrain from doing some specified act
11.  a.  a demand for payment in connection with an insurance policy, etc
 b.  the sum of money demanded
[C13: from Old French claimer to call, appeal, from Latin clāmāre to shout]

unclaimed (ʌnˈkleɪmd)
not having been claimed: £7 million in unclaimed prizes

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from O.Fr. clamer "to call, claim," from L. clamare "to cry out, shout," from PIE *kele- "to shout," onomatopoeic (cf. Skt. usakala "cock," lit. "dawn-calling;" L. calare "to announce solemnly, call out;" M.Ir. cailech "cock;" Gk. kaleo "to call," kelados "noise," kledon "report, fame;" O.H.G.
halan "to call;" O.E. hlowan "to low, make a noise like a cow;" Lith. kalba "language"). The noun meaning "piece of land allotted and taken" (chiefly U.S. and Australia, in reference to mining) is from 1851. Claim properly should not stray too far from its true meaning of "to demand recognition of a right." Insurance sense is from 1878.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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