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tax

[taks] /tæks/
noun
1.
a sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.
2.
a burdensome charge, obligation, duty, or demand.
verb (used with object)
3.
  1. to demand a tax from (a person, business, etc.).
  2. to demand a tax in consideration of the possession or occurrence of (income, goods, sales, etc.), usually in proportion to the value of money involved.
4.
to lay a burden on; make serious demands on:
to tax one's resources.
5.
to take to task; censure; reprove; accuse:
to tax one with laziness.
6.
Informal. to charge:
What did he tax you for that?
7.
Archaic. to estimate or determine the amount or value of.
verb (used without object)
8.
to levy taxes.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (v.) Middle English taxen < Medieval Latin taxāre to tax, appraise, Latin: to appraise, handle, frequentative of tangere to touch; (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.
Related forms
taxer, noun
taxingly, adverb
taxless, adjective
taxlessly, adverb
taxlessness, noun
antitax, adjective
nontax, noun, adjective
nontaxer, noun
protax, adjective
retax, verb (used with object)
self-taxed, adjective
subtaxer, noun
undertaxed, adjective
untax, verb (used with object)
well-taxed, adjective
Can be confused
tacks, tax.
Synonyms
1. duty, impost, levy. 4. strain, tire, stretch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for under taxed

tax

/tæks/
noun
1.
a compulsory financial contribution imposed by a government to raise revenue, levied on the income or property of persons or organizations, on the production costs or sales prices of goods and services, etc
2.
a heavy demand on something; strain a tax on our resources
verb (transitive)
3.
to levy a tax on (persons, companies, etc, or their incomes, etc)
4.
to make heavy demands on; strain to tax one's intellect
5.
to accuse, charge, or blame he was taxed with the crime
6.
to determine (the amount legally chargeable or allowable to a party to a legal action), as by examining the solicitor's bill of costs to tax costs
7.
(slang) to steal
Derived Forms
taxer, noun
taxless, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French taxer, from Latin taxāre to appraise, from tangere to touch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for under taxed
tax
late 13c., from O.Fr. taxer "impose a tax" (13c.), from L. taxare "evaluate, estimate, assess, handle," also "censure, charge," probably a frequentative form of tangere "to touch" (see tangent). Sense of "burden, put a strain on" first recorded 1672; that of "censure, reprove" is from 1560s. Use in Luke ii for Gk. apographein "to enter on a list, enroll" is due to Tyndale. The noun is recorded from early 14c. Tax shelter is attested from 1961; taxpayer from 1816.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with under taxed
In addition to the idiom beginning with tax also see: death and taxes
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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