under the table

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an article of furniture consisting of a flat, slablike top supported on one or more legs or other supports: a kitchen table; an operating table; a pool table.
such a piece of furniture specifically used for serving food to those seated at it.
the food placed on a table to be eaten: She sets a good table.
a group of persons at a table, as for a meal, game, or business transaction.
a gaming table.
a flat or plane surface; a level area.
a tableland or plateau.
a concise list or guide: a table of contents.
an arrangement of words, numbers, or signs, or combinations of them, as in parallel columns, to exhibit a set of facts or relations in a definite, compact, and comprehensive form; a synopsis or scheme.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. the constellation Mensa.
a flat and relatively thin piece of wood, stone, metal, or other hard substance, especially one artificially shaped for a particular purpose.
a course or band, especially of masonry, having a distinctive form or position.
a distinctively treated surface on a wall.
a smooth, flat board or slab on which inscriptions may be put.
the tablets on which certain collections of laws were anciently inscribed: the tables of the Decalogue.
the laws themselves.
Anatomy. the inner or outer hard layer or any of the flat bones of the skull.
Music. a sounding board.
the upper horizontal surface of a faceted gem.
a gem with such a surface.
verb (used with object), tabled, tabling.
to place (a card, money, etc.) on a table.
to enter in or form into a table or list.
Parliamentary Procedure.
Chiefly U.S. to lay aside (a proposal, resolution, etc.) for future discussion, usually with a view to postponing or shelving the matter indefinitely.
British. to present (a proposal, resolution, etc.) for discussion.
of, pertaining to, or for use on a table: a table lamp.
suitable for serving at a table or for eating or drinking: table grapes.
on the table, Parliamentary Procedure.
U.S. postponed.
British. submitted for consideration.
turn the tables, to cause a reversal of an existing situation, especially with regard to gaining the upper hand over a competitor, rival, antagonist, etc.: Fortune turned the tables and we won. We turned the tables on them and undersold them by 50 percent.
under the table,
as a bribe; secretly: She gave money under the table to get the apartment.
wait (on) table, to work as a waiter or waitress: He worked his way through college by waiting table. Also, wait tables.

before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English tabule, variant of tabula < Latin: plank, tablet; (v.) late Middle English: to record on a table, entertain at table, derivative of the noun

tableless, adjective
untabled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
table (ˈteɪbəl)
1.  a flat horizontal slab or board, usually supported by one or more legs, on which objects may be placedRelated: mensal
2.  a.  such a slab or board on which food is served: we were six at table
 b.  (as modifier): table linen
 c.  (in combination): a tablecloth
3.  food as served in a particular household or restaurant: a good table
4.  such a piece of furniture specially designed for any of various purposes: a backgammon table; bird table
5.  a.  a company of persons assembled for a meal, game, etc
 b.  (as modifier): table talk
6.  any flat or level area, such as a plateau
7.  a rectangular panel set below or above the face of a wall
8.  architect another name for cordon
9.  an upper horizontal facet of a cut gem
10.  music the sounding board of a violin, guitar, or similar stringed instrument
11.  a.  an arrangement of words, numbers, or signs, usually in parallel columns, to display data or relations: a table of contents
 b.  See multiplication table
12.  a tablet on which laws were inscribed by the ancient Romans, the Hebrews, etc
13.  palmistry an area of the palm's surface bounded by four lines
14.  printing a slab of smooth metal on which ink is rolled to its proper consistency
15.  a.  either of the two bony plates that form the inner and outer parts of the flat bones of the cranium
 b.  any thin flat plate, esp of bone
16.  on the table put forward for discussion and acceptance: we currently have our final offer on the table
17.  turn the tables on someone to cause a complete reversal of circumstances, esp to defeat or get the better of someone who was previously in a stronger position
18.  to place on a table
19.  (Brit) to submit (a bill, etc) for consideration by a legislative body
20.  (US) to suspend discussion of (a bill, etc) indefinitely or for some time
21.  to enter in or form into a list; tabulate
Related: mensal
[C12: via Old French from Latin tabula a writing tablet]

under the table
1.  (under-the-table when prenominal) done illicitly and secretly
2.  slang drunk

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 12c., "board, slab, plate," from O.Fr. table "board, plank, writing table, picture" (11c.), and late O.E. tabele, from W.Gmc. *tabal (cf. O.H.G. zabel, Ger. Tafel), both from L. tabula "a board, plank, table," originally "small flat slab or piece" usually for inscriptions or for games, of uncertain
origin, related to Umbrian tafle "on the board." The sense of "piece of furniture with the flat top and legs" first recorded c.1300 (the usual L. word for this was mensa; O.E. writers used bord). The meaning "arrangement of numbers or other figures for convenience" is recorded from late 14c. (e.g. table of contents, mid-15c.). Figurative phrase turn the tables (1630s) is from backgammon (in O.E. and M.E. the game was called tables). Table talk is attested from 1560s, translating L. colloquia mensalis. To table-hop is first recorded 1956. The adj. phrase under-the-table "hidden from view" is recorded from 1949; under the table "passed out from excess drinking" is recorded from 1921. Table tennis is recorded from 1887.

in parliamentary sense, 1718, originally "to lay on the (speaker's) table for discussion," from table (n.). But in U.S. political jargon it has the sense of "to postpone indefinitely" (1866).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

table ta·ble (tā'bəl)

  1. An article of furniture supported by one or more vertical legs and having a flat horizontal surface.

  2. An orderly arrangement of data, especially one in which the data are arranged in columns and rows in an essentially rectangular form.

  3. An abbreviated list, as of contents; a synopsis.

  4. The inner or outer flat layer of bones of the skull separated by the diploë.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

under the table

In secret, as in They paid her under the table so as to avoid taxes. This term alludes to money being passed under a table in some shady transaction, such as a bribe. [Mid-1900s] Also see under the counter.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Idioms & Phrases
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