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consume

[kuh n-soom] /kənˈsum/
verb (used with object), consumed, consuming.
1.
to destroy or expend by use; use up.
2.
to eat or drink up; devour.
3.
to destroy, as by decomposition or burning:
Fire consumed the forest.
4.
to spend (money, time, etc.) wastefully.
5.
to absorb; engross:
consumed with curiosity.
verb (used without object), consumed, consuming.
6.
to undergo destruction; waste away.
7.
to use or use up consumer goods.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (< Middle French consumer) < Latin consūmere, equivalent to con- con- + sūmere to take up (perhaps < *suzm- < *subzm- < *subs-(e)m-, equivalent to subs-, variant of sub- sub- + emere to take, buy)
Related forms
half-consumed, adjective
overconsume, verb, overconsumed, overconsuming.
preconsume, verb (used with object), preconsumed, preconsuming.
unconsumed, adjective
underconsume, verb (used with object), underconsumed, underconsuming.
Synonyms
1. exhaust, deplete. 4. squander, dissipate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for under-consuming

consume

/kənˈsjuːm/
verb
1.
(transitive) to eat or drink
2.
(transitive; often passive) to engross or obsess
3.
(transitive) to use up; expend: my car consumes little oil
4.
to destroy or be destroyed by burning, decomposition, etc: fire consumed the forest
5.
(transitive) to waste or squander: the time consumed on that project was excessive
6.
(passive) to waste away
Derived Forms
consuming, adjective
consumingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin consūmere to devour, from com- (intensive) + sūmere to take up, from emere to take, purchase
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for under-consuming

consume

v.

late 14c., from Old French consumer "to consume" (12c.) and directly from Latin consumere "to use up, eat, waste," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + sumere "to take," from sub- "under" + emere "to buy, take" (see exempt (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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