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girth

[gurth] /gɜrθ/
noun
1.
the measure around anything; circumference.
2.
a band that passes underneath a horse or other animal to hold a saddle in place, especially one having a buckle at each end for fastening to straps running from under the flaps of the saddle.
3.
something that encircles; a band or girdle.
verb (used with object)
4.
to bind or fasten with a girth.
5.
to girdle; encircle.
Also, girt.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English girth, gerth < Old Norse gerth girdle; akin to gird1
Related forms
undergirth, noun
ungirthed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for undergirth

girth

/ɡɜːθ/
noun
1.
the distance around something; circumference
2.
size or bulk: a man of great girth
3.
a band around a horse's belly to keep the saddle in position
verb
4.
(usually foll by up) to fasten a girth on (a horse)
5.
(transitive) to encircle or surround
Word Origin
C14: from Old Norse gjörth belt; related to Gothic gairdagirdle1; see gird1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for undergirth

girth

n.

c.1300, "belt around a horse's body," from Old Norse gjorð "girdle, belt, hoop," from Proto-Germanic *gertu- (cf Gothic gairda "girdle"), from the same source as gird. Sense of "measurement around an object" first recorded 1640s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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