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load

[lohd] /loʊd/
noun
1.
anything put in or on something for conveyance or transportation; freight; cargo:
The truck carried a load of watermelons.
2.
the quantity that can be or usually is carried at one time, as in a cart.
3.
this quantity taken as a unit of measure or weight or a discrete quantity (usually used in combination):
carload; wagonload.
4.
the quantity borne or sustained by something; burden:
a tree weighed down by its load of fruit.
5.
the weight supported by a structure or part.
6.
the amount of work assigned to or to be done by a person, team, department, machine, or mechanical system:
a reasonable load of work.
7.
something that weighs down or oppresses like a burden; onus:
Supporting her younger brothers has been a heavy load for her.
8.
loads, Informal. a great quantity or number:
loads of fun; loads of people.
9.
the charge for a firearm.
10.
a commission charged to buyers of mutual-fund shares.
11.
Engineering. any of the forces that a structure is calculated to oppose, comprising any unmoving and unvarying force (dead load) any load from wind or earthquake, and any other moving or temporary force (live load)
12.
Electricity.
  1. the power delivered by a generator, motor, power station, or transformer.
  2. a device that receives power.
13.
Mechanics. the external resistance overcome by an engine, dynamo, or the like, under given conditions, measured and expressed in terms of the power required.
14.
Geology. the burden of sediment being carried by a stream or river.
Compare bed load.
15.
Slang. a sufficient amount of liquor drunk to cause intoxication:
He's got a load on tonight.
verb (used with object)
16.
to put a load on or in; fill:
to load a ship.
17.
to supply abundantly, lavishly, or excessively with something (often followed by down):
They loaded us down with gifts.
18.
to weigh down, burden, or oppress (often followed by down, with, on, etc.):
to feel loaded down with responsibilities; to load oneself with obligations.
19.
to insert a charge, projectile, etc., into (a firearm).
20.
to place (film, tape, etc.) into a camera or other device:
He loaded the film into the camera.
21.
to place film, tape, etc., into (a camera or other device):
How do you load this camera?
22.
to take on as a load:
a ship loading coal.
23.
to add to the weight of, sometimes fraudulently:
The silver candlesticks were loaded with lead.
24.
Insurance. to increase (the net premium) by adding charges, as for expenses.
25.
to add additional or prejudicial meaning to (a statement, question, etc.):
The attorney kept loading his questions in the hope of getting the reply he wanted.
26.
to overcharge (a word, expression, etc.) with extraneous values of emotion, sentiment, or the like:
emotion that loads any reference to home, flag, and mother.
27.
to weight (dice) so that they will always come to rest with particular faces upward.
28.
Baseball. to have or put runners at (first, second, and third bases):
They loaded the bases with two out in the eighth inning.
29.
Fine Arts.
  1. to place a large amount of pigment on (a brush).
  2. to apply a thick layer of pigment to (a canvas).
30.
Metalworking.
  1. (of metal being deep-drawn) to become welded to (the drawing tool).
  2. (of material being ground) to fill the depressions in the surface of (a grinding wheel).
  3. (in powder metallurgy) to fill the cavity of (a die).
31.
Computers.
  1. to bring (a program or data) into main storage from external or auxiliary storage.
  2. to place (an input/output medium) into an appropriate device, as by inserting a disk into a disk drive.
32.
Electricity. to add (a power-absorbing device) to an electric circuit.
verb (used without object)
33.
to put on or take on a load, as of passengers or goods:
The bus usually loads at the side door.
34.
to load a firearm.
35.
to enter a carrier or conveyance (usually followed by into):
The students loaded quickly into the buses.
36.
to become filled or occupied:
The ship loaded with people in only 15 minutes.
adverb
37.
loads, Informal. very much; a great deal:
Thanks loads. It would help loads if you sent some money.
Idioms
38.
get a load of, Slang.
  1. to look at; notice; observe.
  2. to listen to with interest:
    Did you get a load of what she said?
39.
load the dice, to put someone or something in a advantageous or disadvantageous position; affect or influence the result:
Lack of sufficient education loaded the dice against him as a candidate for the job.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English lode (noun); orig. the same word as lode (Old English lād way, course, carrying); senses influenced by lade
Related forms
loadless, adjective
reload, noun, verb
underload, verb (used with object)
Can be confused
load, lode.
Synonyms
7. weight, encumbrance. Load, burden referred originally to something placed on a person or animal or put into a vehicle for conveyance. Both load and burden are still used in this literal sense, though burden only infrequently, except in such fixed phrases as beast of burden and a ship of 1500 tons burden (carrying capacity). Both words have come to be used figuratively to refer to duties, cares, etc., that are oppressively heavy, and this is now the main meaning of burden : You have taken a load off my mind. Some children are a burden. 16. lade. 18. weight, encumber.
Antonyms
18. disburden.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for underload

load

/ləʊd/
noun
1.
something to be borne or conveyed; weight
2.
  1. the usual amount borne or conveyed
  2. (in combination): a carload
3.
something that weighs down, oppresses, or burdens: that's a load off my mind
4.
a single charge of a firearm
5.
the weight that is carried by a structure See also dead load, live load
6.
(electrical engineering, electronics)
  1. a device that receives or dissipates the power from an amplifier, oscillator, generator, or some other source of signals
  2. the power delivered by a machine, generator, circuit, etc
7.
the force acting on a component in a mechanism or structure
8.
the resistance overcome by an engine or motor when it is driving a machine, etc
9.
an external force applied to a component or mechanism
10.
(informal) a load of, a quantity of: a load of nonsense
11.
(informal) get a load of, pay attention to
12.
(US & Canadian, slang) have a load on, to be intoxicated
13.
(slang) shoot one's load, (of a man) to ejaculate at orgasm
verb (mainly transitive)
14.
(also intransitive) to place or receive (cargo, goods, etc) upon (a ship, lorry, etc)
15.
to burden or oppress
16.
to supply or beset (someone) with in abundance or overwhelmingly: they loaded her with gifts
17.
to cause to be biased: to load a question
18.
(also intransitive) to put an ammunition charge into (a firearm)
19.
(photog) to position (a film, cartridge, or plate) in (a camera)
20.
to weight or bias (a roulette wheel, dice, etc)
21.
(insurance) to increase (a premium) to cover expenses, etc
22.
to draw power from (an electrical device, such as a generator)
23.
to add material of high atomic number to (concrete) to increase its effectiveness as a radiation shield
24.
to increase the power output of (an electric circuit)
25.
to increase the work required from (an engine or motor)
26.
to apply force to (a mechanism or component)
27.
(computing) to transfer (a program) to a memory
28.
load the dice
  1. to add weights to dice in order to bias them
  2. to arrange to have a favourable or unfavourable position
See also loads
Word Origin
Old English lād course; in meaning, influenced by lade1; related to lead1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for underload

load

n.

"that which is laid upon a person or beast, burden," c.1200, from Old English lad "way, course, carrying," from Proto-Germanic *laitho (cf. Old High German leita, German leite, Old Norse leið "way, course"); related to Old English lædan "to guide," from PIE *leit- "to go forth" (see lead (v.)). Sense shifted 13c. to supplant words based on lade, to which it is not etymologically connected; original association with "guide" is preserved in lodestone. Meaning "amount customarily loaded at one time" is from c.1300.

Figurative sense of "burden weighing on the mind, heart, or soul" is first attested 1590s. Meaning "amount of work" is from 1946. Colloquial loads "lots, heaps" is attested from c.1600. Phrase take a load off (one's) feet "sit down, relax" is from 1914, American English. Get a load of "take a look at" is American English colloquial, attested from 1929.

v.

late 15c., "to place in or on a vehicle," from load (n.). Transitive sense of "to put a load in or on" is from c.1500; of firearms from 1620s. Of a vehicle, "to fill with passengers," from 1832. Related: Loaded; loaden (obs.); loading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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underload in Medicine

load (lōd)
n.
A departure from normal body content, as of water, salt, or heat. A positive load is a quantity in excess of the normal; a negative load is a deficit.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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underload in Science
load
  (lōd)   
  1. The resistance, weight, or power drain sustained by a machine or electrical circuit. Compare effort.

  2. The power output of a generator or power plant.

  3. The amount of a pathogen or toxic substance present in an organism.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for underload

load

noun
  1. Enough liquor to make one drunk: He's takingon a load again
  2. A dose of narcotic smoked in a water pipe (esp teenagers)
  3. The semen of a single orgasm
  4. An old car (1980s+ Teenagers)
  5. An obese person; chubbo: It's sort of OK to be a load, because it's what's inside that counts/ I'm not going to camp with a bunch of fat loads (1990s+)
  6. (also load of shit) Nonsense; lies and exaggerations; mendacious cant; bullshit, crock of shit: the whole thing about O J threatening to blow his head off was a load (1990s+)
Related Terms

carry a load, carry the load, freeload, get a load of, half load, have a load on, a shitload, shoot one's load, three bricks shy of a load


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with underload
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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