understress

stress

[stres]
noun
1.
importance attached to a thing: to lay stress upon good manners. significance, meaning, emphasis, consequence; weight, value, worth.
2.
Phonetics. emphasis in the form of prominent relative loudness of a syllable or a word as a result of special effort in utterance.
3.
Prosody. accent or emphasis on syllables in a metrical pattern; beat.
4.
emphasis in melody, rhythm, etc.; beat.
5.
the physical pressure, pull, or other force exerted on one thing by another; strain.
6.
Mechanics.
a.
the action on a body of any system of balanced forces whereby strain or deformation results.
b.
the amount of stress, usually measured in pounds per square inch or in pascals.
c.
a load, force, or system of forces producing a strain.
d.
the internal resistance or reaction of an elastic body to the external forces applied to it.
e.
the ratio of force to area.
See also strain1 ( def 23 ), shear ( def 19 ), torsion ( def 3 ).
7.
Physiology. a specific response by the body to a stimulus, as fear or pain, that disturbs or interferes with the normal physiological equilibrium of an organism.
8.
physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension: Worry over his job and his wife's health put him under a great stress. anxiety, burden, pressure, oppression; effort, exertion, struggle, strain.
9.
a situation, occurrence, or factor causing this: The stress of being trapped in the elevator gave him a pounding headache.
10.
Archaic. strong or straining exertion.
verb (used with object)
11.
to lay stress on; emphasize.
12.
Phonetics. to pronounce (a syllable or a word) with prominent loudness: Stress the first syllable of “runner.” Stress the second word in “put up with.” Compare accent ( def 18 ).
13.
to subject to stress or strain.
14.
Mechanics. to subject to stress.
verb (used without object)
15.
to experience stress or worry: Don't stress about the turkey; I promise it will be delicious. Dad is always stressing out over his job.

Origin:
1275–1325; (noun) Middle English stresse, aphetic variant of distresse distress; (v.) derivative of the noun

stressless, adjective
stresslessness, noun
antistress, adjective
de-stress, verb (used with object)
nonstress, noun
overstressed, adjective
restress, verb
understress, noun
understress, verb (used with object)
well-stressed, adjective

accent, stress.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
stress (strɛs)
 
n
1.  special emphasis or significance attached to something
2.  mental, emotional, or physical strain or tension
3.  emphasis placed upon a syllable by pronouncing it more loudly than those that surround it
4.  such emphasis as part of a regular rhythmic beat in music or poetry
5.  a syllable so emphasized
6.  physics
 a.  force or a system of forces producing deformation or strain
 b.  the force acting per unit area
 
vb
7.  (tr) to give emphasis or prominence to
8.  (tr) to pronounce (a word or syllable) more loudly than those that surround it
9.  (tr) to subject to stress or strain
10.  informal (intr) to become stressed or anxious
 
[C14: stresse, shortened from distress]
 
'stressful
 
adj
 
'stressfully
 
adv
 
'stressfulness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

stress
c.1300, "hardship, adversity, force, pressure," in part a shortening of M.Fr. destresse (see distress), in part from O.Fr. estrece "narrowness, oppression," from V.L. *strictia, from L. strictus "compressed," pp. of stringere "draw tight" (see
strain (v.)). The purely psychological sense is attested from 1942.

stress
c.1300, "to subject (someone) to force or compulsion," from the source of stress (n.). The fig. meaning "put emphasis on" is first recorded 1896, from notion of laying pressure on something by relying on it.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

stress (strěs)
n.

  1. An applied force or system of forces that tends to strain or deform a body.

  2. The resisting force set up in a body as a result of an externally applied force.

  3. A physical or psychological stimulus that can produce mental tension or physiological reactions that may lead to illness.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
stress  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (strěs)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The force per unit area applied to an object. Objects subject to stress tend to become distorted or deformed. Compare strain. See also axial stress, shear stress., See more at Hooke's law.

    1. A physiologic reaction by an organism to an uncomfortable or unfamiliar physical or psychological stimulus. Biological changes result from stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, including a heightened state of alertness, anxiety, increased heart rate, and sweating.

    2. The stimulus or circumstance causing such a reaction.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

stress definition


In physics, the internal resistance of an object to an external force that tends to deform it.

stress definition


A physical factor, such as injury, or mental state, such as anxiety, that disturbs the body's normal state of functioning. Stress may contribute to the development of some illnesses, including heart disease and cancer.

Note: The term stress also refers to the physical and mental state produced in the body when it is influenced by such factors: “The stress of the new job was too much for Tim, so he requested reassignment to his old position in the company.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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