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forfeit

[fawr-fit] /ˈfɔr fɪt/
noun
1.
a fine; penalty.
2.
an act of forfeiting; forfeiture.
3.
something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime or misdeed, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract.
4.
an article deposited in a game because of a mistake and redeemable by a fine or penalty.
5.
forfeits, (used with a singular verb) a game in which such articles are taken from the players.
verb (used with object)
6.
to subject to seizure as a forfeit.
7.
to lose or become liable to lose, as in consequence of crime, fault, or breach of engagement.
adjective
8.
lost or subject to loss by forfeiture.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English forfet < Old French (past participle of forfaire to commit crime, to lose possession or right through a criminal act) < Medieval Latin forīs factum penalty, past participle of forīs facere to transgress, equivalent to Latin forīs outside, wrongly + facere to make, do
Related forms
forfeitable, adjective
forfeiter, noun
nonforfeitable, adjective
nonforfeiting, adjective
reforfeit, verb (used with object)
unforfeitable, adjective
unforfeited, adjective
unforfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
7. surrender, yield, relinquish, forgo, waive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for unforfeitable

forfeit

/ˈfɔːfɪt/
noun
1.
something lost or given up as a penalty for a fault, mistake, etc
2.
the act of losing or surrendering something in this manner
3.
(law) something confiscated as a penalty for an offence, breach of contract, etc
4.
(sometimes pl)
  1. a game in which a player has to give up an object, perform a specified action, etc, if he commits a fault
  2. an object so given up
verb
5.
(transitive) to lose or be liable to lose in consequence of a mistake, fault, etc
6.
(transitive) (law)
  1. to confiscate as punishment
  2. to surrender (something exacted as a penalty)
adjective
7.
surrendered or liable to be surrendered as a penalty
Derived Forms
forfeitable, adjective
forfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French forfet offence, from forfaire to commit a crime, from Medieval Latin foris facere to act outside (what is lawful), from Latin foris outside + facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for unforfeitable
forfeit
c.1300, from O.Fr. forfait "crime," originally pp. of forfaire "transgress," from for- "outside, beyond," + faire "to do" (from L. facere; see factitious). Translating M.L. foris factum. Sense shifted mid-15c. from the crime to the penalty. Related: Forfeited; forfeiting; forfeiture.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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