the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition. Compare comminuted fracture, complete fracture, compound fracture, greenstick fracture, simple fracture.
the act of breaking; state of being broken.
a break, breach, or split.
the characteristic manner of breaking: a material of unpredictable fracture.
the characteristic appearance of a broken surface, as of a mineral.
verb (used with object), fractured, fracturing.
to cause or to suffer a fracture in (a bone, etc.).
to break or crack.
Slang. to amuse highly or cause to laugh heartily; delight: The new comic really fractured the audience.
verb (used without object), fractured, fracturing.
to become fractured; break: a mineral that does not fracture easily.

1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin frāctūra a breach, cleft, fracture, equivalent to frāct(us) (past participle of frangere to break) + -ūra -ure

fracturable, adjective
fractural, adjective
fracturer, noun
postfracture, adjective, noun
refracturable, adjective
refracture, verb, refractured, refracturing.
unfractured, adjective

7. smash, shatter, splinter, rupture, split.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fracture (ˈfræktʃə)
1.  the act of breaking or the state of being broken
2.  a.  the breaking or cracking of a bone or the tearing of a cartilage
 b.  Colles' fracture comminuted fracture compound fracture greenstick fracture See also impacted the resulting condition
3.  a division, split, or breach
4.  mineralogy
 a.  the characteristic appearance of the surface of a freshly broken mineral or rock
 b.  the way in which a mineral or rock naturally breaks
5.  to break or cause to break; split
6.  to break or crack (a bone) or (of a bone) to become broken or cracked
7.  to tear (a cartilage) or (of a cartilage) to become torn
[C15: from Old French, from Latin fractūra, from frangere to break]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1520s, "a breaking of a bone," from M.Fr. fracture, from L. fractura "a breach, break, cleft" (c.1500), from root of frangere "to break" (see fraction). The verb is first recorded 1610s. Related: Fractured; fracturing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

fracture frac·ture (frāk'chər)

  1. The act or process of breaking.

  2. A break, rupture, or crack, especially in bone or cartilage.

To cause to break.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fracture   (frāk'chər)  Pronunciation Key 
A break or rupture in bone tissue. ◇ A comminuted fracture results in more than two fragments. ◇ Although most fractures are caused by a direct blow or sudden, twisting force, stress fractures result from repetitive physical activity. ◇ In an incomplete fracture, the fracture line does not completely traverse the bone.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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