# unharmonic

## harmonic

[hahr-mon-ik]
1.
pertaining to harmony, as distinguished from melody and rhythm.
2.
marked by harmony; in harmony; concordant; consonant.
3.
Physics. of, pertaining to, or noting a series of oscillations in which each oscillation has a frequency that is an integral multiple of the same basic frequency.
4.
Mathematics.
a.
(of a set of values) related in a manner analogous to the frequencies of tones that are consonant.
b.
capable of being represented by sine and cosine functions.
c.
(of a function) satisfying the Laplace equation.
noun
5.
Music. overtone ( def 1 ).
6.
Physics. a single oscillation whose frequency is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency.

Origin:
1560–70; < Latin harmonicus < Greek harmonikós musical, suitable. See harmony, -ic

harmonicalness, noun
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World English Dictionary
 harmonic (hɑːˈmɒnɪk) —adj 1. of, involving, producing, or characterized by harmony; harmonious 2. music of, relating to, or belonging to harmony 3. maths a.  capable of expression in the form of sine and cosine functions b.  of or relating to numbers whose reciprocals form an arithmetic progression 4. physics of or concerned with an oscillation that has a frequency that is an integral multiple of a fundamental frequency 5. physics of or concerned with harmonics —n 6. physics, music a component of a periodic quantity, such as a musical tone, with a frequency that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. The first harmonic is the fundamental, the second harmonic (twice the fundamental frequency) is the first overtone, the third harmonic (three times the fundamental frequency) is the second overtone, etc 7. music (not in technical use) overtone: in this case, the first overtone is the first harmonic, etc [C16: from Latin harmonicus relating to harmony] har'monically —adv

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

harmonic
1530s (implied in harmonical), from L. harmonicus, from Gk. harmonikos "harmonic, musical," from harmonia (see harmony). First record of verb harmonize is from late 15c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
 harmonic   (här-mŏn'ĭk)  Pronunciation Key  (click for larger image in new window) Noun   Periodic motion whose frequency is a whole-number multiple of some fundamental frequency. The motion of objects or substances that vibrate or oscillate in a regular fashion, such as the strings of musical instruments, can be analyzed as a combination of a fundamental frequency and higher harmonics. ◇ Harmonics above the first harmonic (the fundamental frequency) in sound waves are called overtones. The first overtone is the second harmonic, the second overtone is the third harmonic, and so on. Adjective   Related to or having the properties of such periodic motion.
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