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hoist

[hoist or, sometimes, hahyst] /hɔɪst or, sometimes, haɪst/
verb (used with object)
1.
to raise or lift, especially by some mechanical appliance:
to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail.
2.
to raise to one's lips and drink; drink (especially beer or whiskey) with gusto:
Let's go hoist a few beers.
3.
Archaic. a simple past tense and past participle of hoise.
noun
4.
an apparatus for hoisting, as a block and tackle, a derrick, or a crane.
5.
act of hoisting; a lift:
Give that sofa a hoist at your end.
6.
Nautical.
  1. the vertical dimension amidships of any square sail that is hoisted with a yard.
    Compare drop (def 28).
  2. the distance between the hoisted and the lowered position of such a yard.
  3. the dimension of a fore-and-aft sail along the luff.
  4. a number of flags raised together as a signal.
7.
  1. the vertical dimension as flown from a vertical staff.
  2. the edge running next to the staff.
    Compare fly (def 36b).
Idioms
8.
hoist by / with one's own petard. petard (def 4).
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; later variant of hoise, with -t as in against, etc.
Related forms
hoister, noun
unhoisted, adjective
Synonyms
1. elevate. See raise.
Antonyms
1. lower.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for unhoisted

hoist

/hɔɪst/
verb
1.
(transitive) to raise or lift up, esp by mechanical means
2.
hoist with one's own petard, See petard (sense 2)
noun
3.
any apparatus or device for hoisting
4.
the act of hoisting
6.
(nautical)
  1. the amidships height of a sail bent to the yard with which it is hoisted Compare drop (sense 15)
  2. the difference between the set and lowered positions of this yard
7.
(nautical) the length of the luff of a fore-and-aft sail
8.
(nautical) a group of signal flags
9.
the inner edge of a flag next to the staff Compare fly1 (sense 25)
Derived Forms
hoister, noun
Word Origin
C16: variant of hoise, probably from Low German; compare Dutch hijschen, German hissen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unhoisted

hoist

v.

1540s, "to raise," earlier hoise (c.1500), probably originally past tense of Middle English hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from Middle Dutch hyssen (Dutch hijsen) "to hoist," related to Low German hissen and Old Norse hissa upp "raise." A nautical word found in most European languages (e.g. French hisser, Italian issare, Spanish izar), but it is uncertain which had it first. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one's own petard, it is the past participle.

For 'tis the sport, to have the engineer
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O 'tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
["Hamlet," Act III, Scene iv]
Meaning "to lift and remove" was prevalent c.1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, from the verb.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for unhoisted

hoist

noun

: Crooks speak of a job of hold-up as a ''hoist''

verb
  1. To rob; steal; heist: The stall distracts the sales force while the hoister hoists (1708+ Underworld)
  2. To drink some beer or liquor: Let's stop at Harry's and hoist a few (1940s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Encyclopedia Article for unhoisted

hoist

mechanical device used primarily for raising and lowering heavy loads but occasionally for moving objects horizontally. It usually consists of a block and tackle-a combination of one or more fixed pulleys, a moving pulley with a hook or other similar means of attaching loads, and a rope (or cable) between them. Motive power for a hoist may be either manual or supplied by an electric motor. Electrically powered hoists, commonly mounted to the floor or wall, are used for varied lifting and hauling operations in factories and warehouses. See also block and tackle.

Learn more about hoist with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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