|the former official name (until 1989, though still widely used) of Myanmar|
|Myanmar or Myanma (ˈmaɪænmɑː, ˈmjænmɑː, ˈmaɪænmɑː, ˈmjænmɑː)|
|Official full name: the Union of Myanmar, Former official name (until 1989, though still widely used): Burma a republic in SE Asia, on the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea: unified from small states in 1752; annexed by Britain (1823--85) and made a province of India in 1886; became independent in 1948. It is generally mountainous, with the basins of the Chindwin and Irrawaddy Rivers in the central part and the Irrawaddy delta in the south. Official language: Burmese. Religion: Buddhist majority. Currency: kyat. Capital: Yangon. Pop: 50 101 000 (2004 est). Area: 676 577 sq km (261 228 sq miles)|
|Myanma or Myanma|
Republic in Southeast Asia, now officially known as Myanmar, bordered by Bangladesh, India, and the Bay of Bengal to the west; China to the north and northeast; Laos and Thailand to the east; and the Andaman Sea to the south. Rangoon is its capital and largest city.
Note: Under British control until 1948, it then became an independent republic.
Note: During World War II, the Allies and Japanese troops fought intense campaigns over control of the Burma Road, a vital supply link between China and India.
Note: Run by its military in the 1970s and 1980s, Burma saw its economy decline. Free elections in 1990 were won by the main opposition party, but the military government refused to relinquish its powers.