|Cameroon (ˌkæməˈruːn, ˈkæməˌruːn)|
|1.||French name: Cameroun, German name: Kamerun a republic in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: became a German colony in 1884; divided in 1919 into the Cameroons (administered by Britain) and Cameroun (administered by France); Cameroun and the S part of the Cameroons formed a republic in 1961 (the N part joined Nigeria); became a member of the Commonwealth in 1995. Official languages: French and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: franc. Capital: Yaoundé. Pop: 16 296 000 (2004 est). Area: 475 500 sq km (183 591 sq miles)|
|2.||an active volcano in W Cameroon: the highest peak on the West African coast. Height: 4070 m (13 352 ft)|
Republic in west-central Africa, bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Gulf of Guinea (part of the Atlantic Ocean) to the west. Yaounde is its capital, and Douala is its largest city.
Note: Cameroon was under British and French control from World War I until 1960.