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unity

[yoo-ni-tee] /ˈyu nɪ ti/
noun, plural unities.
1.
the state of being one; oneness.
2.
a whole or totality as combining all its parts into one.
3.
the state or fact of being united or combined into one, as of the parts of a whole; unification.
4.
absence of diversity; unvaried or uniform character.
5.
oneness of mind, feeling, etc., as among a number of persons; concord, harmony, or agreement.
6.
Mathematics.
  1. the number one; a quantity regarded as one.
  2. identity (def 9).
7.
(in literature and art) a relation of all the parts or elements of a work constituting a harmonious whole and producing a single general effect.
8.
one of the three principles of dramatic structure (the three unities) derived from Aristotelian aesthetics and formalized in the neoclassic canon in which a play is required to represent action as taking place in one day (unity of time) as occurring within one place (unity of place) and as having a single plot with a beginning, middle, and end (unity of action)
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English unite < Old French < Latin ūnitās, equivalent to ūn(us) one + -itās -ity
Related forms
nonunity, noun, plural nonunities.
self-unity, noun
superunity, noun
Synonyms
1. singleness, singularity, individuality. See union. 5. concert, unison.
Antonyms
1. diversity, variety.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for unities

unity

/ˈjuːnɪtɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
the state or quality of being one; oneness
2.
the act, state, or quality of forming a whole from separate parts
3.
something whole or complete that is composed of separate parts
4.
mutual agreement; harmony or concord: the participants were no longer in unity
5.
uniformity or constancy: unity of purpose
6.
(maths)
  1. the number or numeral one
  2. a quantity assuming the value of one: the area of the triangle was regarded as unity
  3. the element of a set producing no change in a number following multiplication
7.
the arrangement of the elements in a work of art in accordance with a single overall design or purpose
8.
any one of the three principles of dramatic structure deriving from Aristotle's Poetics by which the action of a play should be limited to a single plot (unity of action), a single location (unity of place), and the events of a single day (unity of time)
Word Origin
C13: from Old French unité, from Latin ūnitās, from ūnus one
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for unities

unity

n.

c.1300, from Anglo-French unite, Old French unite (c.1200), from Latin unitatem (nominative unitas) "oneness, sameness, agreement," from unus "one" (see one).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for unities

in drama, the three principles derived by French classicists from Aristotle's Poetics; they require a play to have a single action represented as occurring in a single place and within the course of a day. These principles were called, respectively, unity of action, unity of place, and unity of time.

Learn more about unities with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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7
9
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