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pardon

[pahr-dn] /ˈpɑr dn/
noun
1.
kind indulgence, as in forgiveness of an offense or discourtesy or in tolerance of a distraction or inconvenience:
I beg your pardon, but which way is Spruce Street?
2.
Law.
  1. a release from the penalty of an offense; a remission of penalty, as by a governor.
  2. the document by which such remission is declared.
3.
forgiveness of a serious offense or offender.
4.
Obsolete. a papal indulgence.
verb (used with object)
5.
to make courteous allowance for or to excuse:
Pardon me, madam.
6.
to release (a person) from liability for an offense.
7.
to remit the penalty of (an offense):
The governor will not pardon your crime.
interjection
8.
(used, with rising inflection, as an elliptical form of I beg your pardon, as when asking a speaker to repeat something not clearly heard or understood.)
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English (noun and v.) < Old French pardon (noun) remission, indulgence, noun derivative of pardoner (v.) < Medieval Latin perdōnāre to remit, overlook, literally, to forgive, equivalent to Latin per- for- (see per-) + dōnāre to give; see donate; Medieval Latin v. perhaps a translation from Germanic
Related forms
pardonable, adjective
pardonableness, noun
pardonably, adverb
pardonless, adjective
nonpardoning, adjective
unpardonable, adjective
unpardonably, adverb
unpardoned, adjective
unpardoning, adjective
Can be confused
commute, forgive, pardon (see synonym study at the current entry)
Synonyms
3. absolution, remission. Pardon, amnesty, reprieve are nouns referring to the cancellation, or delay with the possibility of eventual cancellation, of a punishment or penalty assigned for the violation of a military regulation or a civil law; absolution from guilt is not implied, merely a remission of the penalty. A pardon is granted to an individual, often by the action of a government official such as a governor, president, or monarch, and releases the individual from any punishment due for the infraction of the law, as a death sentence, prison term, or fine: to be released from prison with a full pardon. An amnesty is a pardon granted to a group of persons for past offenses against a government; it often includes an assurance of no future prosecution: to grant amnesty to political prisoners; an amnesty period for delinquent taxpayers during which no penalties are assessed. A reprieve is a delay of impending punishment, especially a death sentence; it does not cancel or remit the punishment, it simply delays it, usually for a specific period of time or until a decision can be arrived at as to the possibility of pardon or reduction of sentence: a last-minute reprieve, allowing the filing of an appeal to the Supreme Court. 6. acquit, clear. See excuse. 7. forgive, absolve, condone, overlook.
Antonyms
5. censure, blame.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for unpardonable
  • Two unpardonable penalties negated good kick returns.
  • The unpardonable sin, socially, is to be uninteresting.
  • And whereas slight stopping may venture on small irregularities, full stopping that is incorrect is also unpardonable.
  • We would suggest that the only unpardonable sin is willful ignorance in the face of gross injustice.
British Dictionary definitions for unpardonable

unpardonable

/ʌnˈpɑːdənəbəl/
adjective
1.
not excusable; disgraceful

pardon

/ˈpɑːdən/
verb (transitive)
1.
to excuse or forgive (a person) for (an offence, mistake, etc) to pardon someone, to pardon a fault
noun
2.
forgiveness; allowance
3.
  1. release from punishment for an offence
  2. the warrant granting such release
4.
a Roman Catholic indulgence
sentence substitute
5.
Also pardon me, I beg your pardon
  1. sorry; excuse me
  2. what did you say?
Derived Forms
pardonable, adjective
pardonably, adverb
pardonless, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, from Medieval Latin perdōnum, from perdōnāre to forgive freely, from Latin per (intensive) + dōnāre to grant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unpardonable
pardon
late 13c., "papal indulgence," from O.Fr. pardonner "to grant, forgive," from V.L. *perdonare "to give wholeheartedly, to remit," from L. per- "through, thoroughly" + donare "give, present" (see donation). Meaning "passing over an offense without punishment is from c.1300; strictly legal sense is from early 14c., in Anglo-Fr. Weaker sense of "excuse for a minor fault" is attested from 1540s. The verb is first recorded early 15c.
" 'I grant you pardon,' said Louis XV to Charolais, who, to divert himself, had just killed a man; 'but I also pardon whoever will kill you.' " [de Sade]
Pardon my French as exclamation of apology for obscene language is from 1895. A pardoner (mid-14c.) was a man licensed to sell papal pardons or indulgences.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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unpardonable in the Bible

the forgiveness of sins granted freely (Isa. 43:25), readily (Neh. 9:17; Ps. 86:5), abundantly (Isa. 55:7; Rom. 5:20). Pardon is an act of a sovereign, in pure sovereignty, granting simply a remission of the penalty due to sin, but securing neither honour nor reward to the pardoned. Justification (q.v.), on the other hand, is the act of a judge, and not of a sovereign, and includes pardon and, at the same time, a title to all the rewards and blessings promised in the covenant of life.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with unpardonable
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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