[rash-uhn, rey-shuhn]
a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage: a daily ration of meat and bread.
an allotted amount: They finally saved up enough gas rations for the trip.
provisions: Enough rations were brought along to feed all the marchers.
Chiefly South Atlantic States. food or meals: The old hotel still has the best rations in town.
verb (used with object)
to supply, apportion, or distribute as rations (often followed by out ): to ration out food to an army.
to supply or provide with rations: to ration an army with food.
to restrict the consumption of (a commodity, food, etc.): to ration meat during war.
to restrict the consumption of (a consumer): The civilian population was rationed while the war lasted.

1540–50; < French < Latin ratiōn- (stem of ratiō); see reason

unrationed, adjective

1, 2. portion, allotment. 1, 3. See food. 4. mete, dole, allot.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ration (ˈræʃən)
1.  a.  a fixed allowance of food, provisions, etc, esp a statutory one for civilians in time of scarcity or soldiers in time of war: a tea ration
 b.  (as modifier): a ration book
2.  a sufficient or adequate amount: you've had your ration of television for today
3.  (often foll by out) to distribute (provisions), esp to an army
4.  to restrict the distribution or consumption of (a commodity) by (people): the government has rationed sugar; sugar is short, so I'll have to ration you
[C18: via French from Latin ratiō calculation; see reason]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1550, "reasoning," later, "relation of one number to another" (1666), then "fixed allowance of food" (1702, often rations, from Fr. ration), from L. rationem (nom. ratio) "reckoning, calculation, proportion" (see ratio). The verb meaning "put (someone) on a fixed allowance"
is recorded from 1859; sense of "apportion in fixed amounts" is from 1870. The military pronunciation (rhymes with fashion) took over from the preferred civilian pronunciation (rhymes with nation) during World War I. Rationing is from 1918, from conditions in England during the war.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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