verb (used without object)
to give way to superior force; yield: to succumb to despair.
to yield to disease, wounds, old age, etc.; die.

1480–90; < Latin succumbere, equivalent to suc- suc- + -cumbere, transitive derivative of cubāre to lie, recline; cf. incumbent

succumber, noun
unsuccumbing, adjective

1. submit, accede, surrender.
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World English Dictionary
succumb (səˈkʌm)
vb (often foll by to)
1.  to give way in face of the overwhelming force (of) or desire (for)
2.  to be fatally overwhelmed (by disease, old age, etc); die (of)
[C15: from Latin succumbere to be overcome, from sub- + -cumbere from cubāre to lie down]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1489, from M.Fr. succomber, from L. succumbere "submit, sink down, lie under," from sub "down" + -cumbere "take a reclining position," related to cubare "lie down" (see cubicle). Originally transitive; sense of "sink under pressure" is first recorded 1604.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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