verb (used with object)
to yield (something) to the possession or power of another; deliver up possession of on demand or under duress: to surrender the fort to the enemy; to surrender the stolen goods to the police.
to give (oneself) up, as to the police.
to give (oneself) up to some influence, course, emotion, etc.: He surrendered himself to a life of hardship.
to give up, abandon, or relinquish (comfort, hope, etc.).
to yield or resign (an office, privilege, etc.) in favor of another.
verb (used without object)
to give oneself up, as into the power of another; submit or yield.
the act or an instance of surrendering.
Insurance. the voluntary abandonment of a life-insurance policy by the owner for any of its nonforfeiture values.
the deed by which a legal surrendering is made.

1425–75; (v.) late Middle English surrendren < Anglo-French surrender, Old French surrendre to give up, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + rendre to render; (noun) < Anglo-French; Old French surrendre, noun use of the infinitive

surrenderer, noun
nonsurrender, noun
presurrender, noun
prosurrender, adjective
unsurrendered, adjective
unsurrendering, adjective

1. See yield. 4. renounce. 5. waive, cede, abandon, forgo. 6. capitulate. 7. capitulation, relinquishment.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
surrender (səˈrɛndə)
1.  (tr) to relinquish to the control or possession of another under duress or on demand: to surrender a city
2.  (tr) to relinquish or forego (an office, position, etc), esp as a voluntary concession to another: he surrendered his place to a lady
3.  to give (oneself) up physically, as or as if to an enemy
4.  to allow (oneself) to yield, as to a temptation, influence, etc
5.  (tr) to give up (hope, etc)
6.  (tr) law to give up or restore (an estate), esp to give up a lease before expiration of the term
7.  obsolete (tr) to return or render (thanks, etc)
8.  surrender to bail to present oneself at court at the appointed time after having been on bail
9.  the act or instance of surrendering
10.  insurance the voluntary discontinuation of a life policy by its holder in return for a consideration (the surrender value)
11.  law
 a.  the yielding up or restoring of an estate, esp the giving up of a lease before its term has expired
 b.  the giving up to the appropriate authority of a fugitive from justice
 c.  the act of surrendering or being surrendered to bail
 d.  the deed by which a legal surrender is effected
[C15: from Old French surrendre to yield, from sur-1 + rendre to render]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1441, "to give (something) up," from O.Fr. surrendre "give up, deliver over" (13c.), from sur- "over" + rendre "give back" (see render). Reflexive sense of "to give oneself up" (especially as a prisoner) is from 1585. The noun is recorded from 1487.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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