[v. ser-vey; n. sur-vey, ser-vey]
verb (used with object)
to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc.
to view in detail, especially to inspect, examine, or appraise formally or officially in order to ascertain condition, value, etc.
to conduct a survey of or among: to survey TV viewers.
to determine the exact form, boundaries, position, extent, etc., of (a tract of land, section of a country, etc.) by linear and angular measurements and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry.
verb (used without object)
to survey land; practice surveying.
noun, plural surveys.
an act or instance of surveying or of taking a comprehensive view of something: The course is a survey of Italian painting.
a formal or official examination of the particulars of something, made in order to ascertain condition, character, etc.
a statement or description embodying the result of this: They presented their survey to the board of directors.
a sampling, or partial collection, of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used to approximate or indicate what a complete collection and analysis might reveal: The survey showed the percentage of the population that planned to vote.
the act of determining the exact form, boundaries, position, etc., as of a tract of land or section of a country, by linear measurements, angular measurements, etc.
the plan or description resulting from such an operation.
an agency for making determinations: U.S. Geological Survey.

1425–75; late Middle English surveien (v.) < Anglo-French surveier, Middle French surv(e)ier, surveoir to oversee, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + v(e)ier < Latin vidēre to see

surveyable, adjective
presurvey, noun
presurvey, verb (used with object)
self-survey, noun
self-surveyed, adjective
unsurveyable, adjective
unsurveyed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  (tr) to view or consider in a comprehensive or general way: to survey the situation
2.  (tr) to examine carefully, as or as if to appraise value: to survey oneself in a mirror
3.  to plot a detailed map of (an area of land) by measuring or calculating distances and height
4.  (Brit) to inspect a building to determine its condition and value
5.  to examine a vessel thoroughly in order to determine its seaworthiness
6.  (tr) to run a statistical survey on (incomes, opinions, etc)
7.  a comprehensive or general view: a survey of English literature
8.  a critical, detailed, and formal inspection: a survey of the nation's hospitals
9.  (Brit) an inspection of a building to determine its condition and value
10.  a report incorporating the results of such an inspection
11.  a.  a body of surveyors
 b.  an area surveyed
12.  statistics a random sample
[C15: from French surveoir, from sur-1 + veoir to see, from Latin vidēre]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c. (implied in surveyance), from O.Fr. surveeir, from M.L. supervidere "oversee" (see supervise). Meaning "to take linear measurements of a tract of ground" is recorded from 1550. The noun is attested from 1548, "act of viewing in detail." Meaning "systematic collection
of data on opinions, etc." is attested from 1927. Surveyor is from Anglo-Fr. surveiour, from M.Fr. surveor, from O.Fr. verb surveeir.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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