untarred

tar

1 [tahr]
noun
1.
any of various dark-colored viscid products obtained by the destructive distillation of certain organic substances, as coal or wood.
2.
coal-tar pitch.
3.
smoke solids or components: cigarette tar.
verb (used with object), tarred, tarring.
4.
to smear or cover with or as if with tar.
adjective
5.
of or characteristic of tar.
6.
covered or smeared with tar; tarred.
Idioms
7.
beat/knock/whale the tar out of, Informal. to beat mercilessly: The thief had knocked the tar out of the old man and left him for dead.
8.
tar and feather,
a.
to coat (a person) with tar and feathers as a punishment or humiliation.
b.
to punish severely: She should be tarred and feathered for what she has done.
9.
tarred with the same brush, possessing the same shortcomings or guilty of the same misdeeds: The whole family is tarred with the same brush.

Origin:
before 900; (noun) Middle English tarr(e), ter(re), Old English teru; cognate with Dutch, German teer, Old Norse tjara; akin to tree; (v.) Middle English terren, Old English tierwian, derivative of the noun

nontarred, adjective
untarred, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tar1 (tɑː)
 
n
1.  any of various dark viscid substances obtained by the destructive distillation of organic matter such as coal, wood, or peat
2.  another name for coal tar
 
vb , tars, tarring, tarred
3.  to coat with tar
4.  tar and feather to punish by smearing tar and feathers over (someone)
5.  tarred with the same brush regarded as having the same faults
 
[Old English teoru; related to Old Frisian tera, Old Norse tjara, Middle Low German tere tar, Gothic triu tree]
 
'tarry1
 
adj
 
'tarriness1
 
n

tar2 (tɑː)
 
n
an informal word for seaman
 
[C17: short for tarpaulin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tar
a viscous liquid, O.E. teoru, teru, lit. "the pitch of (certain kinds of) trees," from P.Gmc. *terwo- (cf. O.N. tjara, O.Fris. tera, M.Du. tar, Du. teer, Ger. Teer), probably a derivation of *trewo-, from PIE *drew- "tree" (cf. Skt. daru "wood;" Lith. darva "pine wood;" Gk. dory "beam, shaft of a spear,"
drys "tree, oak;" Goth. triu, O.E. treow "tree;" see tree). Tar baby is from an 1881 "Uncle Remus" story by Joel Chandler Harris. Tarheel for "North Carolina resident" first recorded 1864, probably from the gummy resin of pine woods. Tar water, an infusion of tar in cold water, was popular as a remedy from c.1740 through late 18c.

tar
"sailor," 1676, probably a special use of tar (n.1), which was a staple for waterproofing aboard old ships (sailors also being jocularly called knights of the tarbrush); or possibly a shortened form of tarpaulin, which was recorded as a nickname
for a sailor in 1647, from the tarpaulin garments they wore.

tar
in tar and feather, 1769. A mob action in U.S. in Revolutionary times and several decades thereafter. Originally it had been imposed by an ordinance of Richard I (1189) as punishment in the navy for theft. Among other applications over the years was its use in 1623 by a bishop on "a party of incontinent
friars and nuns" [OED], but not until 1769 was the verbal phrase attested.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
tar   (tär)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A dark, oily, viscous material, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons, produced by the destructive distillation of organic substances such as wood, coal, or peat.

  2. See coal tar.

  3. A solid, sticky substance that remains when tobacco is burned. It accumulates in the lungs of smokers and is considered carcinogenic.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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