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until

[uhn-til] /ʌnˈtɪl/
conjunction
1.
up to the time that or when; till:
He read until his guests arrived.
2.
before (usually used in negative constructions):
They did not come until the meeting was half over.
preposition
3.
onward to or till (a specified time or occurrence):
She worked until 6 p.m.
4.
before (usually used in negative constructions):
He did not go until night.
5.
Scot. and North England. to; unto.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English untill, equivalent to un- (< Old Norse unz up to, as far as) + till till1
Usage note
See till1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for until
  • Review of applications will begin immediately and continue until position is filled.
  • The wallpaper image will remain until the computer is restarted.
  • Steel cables stretched over the giant pylons provided support until the arch was completed.
  • Seeds cannot germinate until certain favorable environmental conditions are met.
  • until recently, sponges were believed to be modern descendants of the first animals.
  • They are only biding their time until political conditions allow them to once again cut taxes.
  • Review of applications will begin immediately and continue until the position is filled.
  • But the others did not borrow in size until that fall.
  • Bring the liquid to a boil, then reduce heat until simmering.
  • There they'll grow and bloom through winter until their crescendo in spring.
British Dictionary definitions for until

until

/ʌnˈtɪl/
conjunction (subordinating)
1.
up to (a time) that he laughed until he cried
2.
(used with a negative) before (a time or event) until you change, you can't go out
preposition
3.
(often preceded by up) in or throughout the period before he waited until six
4.
(used with a negative) earlier than; before he won't come until tomorrow
Usage note
The use of until such time as (as in industrial action will continue until such time as our demands are met) is unnecessary and should be avoided: industrial action will continue until our demands are met
Word Origin
C13 untill; related to Old High German unt unto, until, Old Norse und; see till1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for until
prep.

c.1200, from Old Norse und "as far as, up to" (related to Old English end; see end) + till "until, up to" (see till (prep.)). Originally also used of persons and places. Cf. Swedish intill, Danish indtil. The Modern German equivalent, bis (Old High German biaz), is a similar compound, of Old High German bi "by, at, to" and zu "to."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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until in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Idioms and Phrases with until
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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