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Upanishad

[oo-pan-i-shad, oo-pah-ni-shahd] /uˈpæn ɪˌʃæd, uˈpɑ nɪˌʃɑd/
noun, Hinduism.
1.
any of a class of speculative prose treatises composed between the 8th and 6th centuries b.c. and first written a.d. c1300: they represent a philosophical development beyond the Vedas, having as their principal message the unity of Brahman and Atman.
Origin
< Sanskrit upaniṣad, equivalent to upa near + ni- down + -ṣad, sandhi variant of sad- sit1
Related forms
Upanishadic, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for upanishadic

Upanishad

/uːˈpʌnɪʃəd; -ˌʃæd; juː-/
noun
1.
(Hinduism) any of a class of the Sanskrit sacred books probably composed between 400 and 200 bc and embodying the mystical and esoteric doctrines of ancient Hindu philosophy
Derived Forms
Upanishadic, adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Sanskrit upanisad a sitting down near something, from upa near to + ni down + sīdati he sits
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for upanishadic

Upanishad

class of treatises in Sanskrit literature, 1805, from Sanskrit upa-nishad, literally "a sitting down beside," from upa "near to" (see up) + ni-shad "to sit or lie down."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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