uposatha

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uposatha

fortnightly meetings of the Buddhist monastic assembly, at the times of the full moon and the new moon, to reaffirm the rules of discipline. The uposatha observance, now confined almost entirely to the Theravada ("Way of the Elders") tradition of Southeast Asia, can be traced back to pre-Buddhist ceremonies of ancient India. Later Buddhists added the quarter days in the lunar cycle, establishing four holy days each month (known as poya days in Sri Lanka and as wan phra in Thailand).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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