state-sponsored coeducational university at Uppsala, the oldest institution of higher learning in Sweden. It was founded in 1477 but closed in 1510 owing to the religious disputes of the time. It was reopened in 1595 with faculties of theology and philosophy, and in 1624 King Gustav II Adolf granted it large landed estates, thus providing the school's future financial basis. The most famous figure associated with the university was the 18th-century Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus.
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