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upset

[v., adj. uhp-set; n. uhp-set] /v., adj. ʌpˈsɛt; n. ˈʌpˌsɛt/
verb (used with object), upset, upsetting.
1.
to overturn:
to upset a pitcher of milk.
2.
to disturb mentally or emotionally; perturb:
The incident upset her.
3.
to disturb or derange completely; put out of order; throw into disorder:
to upset a system; to upset a mechanism; to upset an apartment.
4.
to disturb physically:
It upset his stomach.
5.
to defeat or overthrow an opponent that is considered more formidable, as in war, politics, or sports.
6.
Metalworking. to thicken the end of (a piece of heated metal) by hammering on the end against the length of the piece.
verb (used without object), upset, upsetting.
7.
to become upset or overturned.
noun
8.
an upsetting or instance of being upset; overturn; overthrow.
9.
the defeat of a person, team, etc., that is considered more formidable.
10.
a nervous, irritable state of mind.
11.
a disordered or confused arrangement.
12.
Metalworking.
  1. a tool used for upsetting.
  2. something that is upset, as a bar end.
adjective
13.
overturned:
an upset milk pail.
14.
disordered; disorganized:
The house is upset.
15.
distressed; disturbed:
She had an upset stomach. He is emotionally upset.
16.
Archaic. raised up.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English: raised up; see up-, set
Related forms
upsettable, adjective
upsetter, noun
upsettingly, adverb
unupset, adjective
unupsettable, adjective
Synonyms
1. Upset, capsize, overturn imply a change from an upright or other stable position to a prostrate one. Upset is a familiar word, applied to simple, everyday actions: to upset a table, a glass of water. Capsize is applied especially to the upsetting of a boat or other vessel: to capsize a canoe. Overturn usually suggests violence in upsetting something supposedly stable: The earthquake overturned houses. All three are used figuratively, also: to upset the stock market; to capsize a plan; to overturn a government. 2. unnerve, disconcert, fluster. 5. depose, displace. 10. perturbation, disturbance. 11. mess. 15. disconcerted, agitated, perturbed, annoyed.
Antonyms
2, 3. steady.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for upset
  • Many of my colleagues have received e-mail messages from students that have left them upset and rattled.
  • Yet the long economic slump has now upset everything.
  • So, any of you who are too upset about what someone else is doing with their tattoos really ought to find a new hobby.
  • Advocates for healthy school lunches are understandably upset.
  • Plainly his fellow ministers did think it was silly, but he claimed he was not upset.
  • The bright coloring warns predator birds that an upset stomach is probably not worth a monarch meal.
  • If a capricious third party decides to sneak in extra apples every day, eventually he's going to upset the cycle.
  • Some people will be upset and uncomfortable when they become aware of their prejudices and biases.
  • It's easy to see how the routine availability of large-scale genetic testing is going to upset a lot of people.
  • He had upset the rich and influential by ordering the demolition of some of their illegal buildings.
British Dictionary definitions for upset

upset

verb (mainly transitive) (ʌpˈsɛt) -sets, -setting, -set
1.
(also intransitive) to tip or be tipped over; overturn, capsize, or spill
2.
to disturb the normal state, course, or stability of: to upset the balance of nature
3.
to disturb mentally or emotionally
4.
to defeat or overthrow, usually unexpectedly
5.
to make physically ill: seafood always upsets my stomach
6.
to thicken or spread (the end of a bar, rivet, etc) by forging, hammering, or swagging
noun (ˈʌpˌsɛt)
7.
an unexpected defeat or reversal, as in a contest or plans
8.
a disturbance or disorder of the emotions, body, etc
9.
a tool used to upset a bar or rivet; swage
10.
a forging or bar that has been upset in preparation for further processing
adjective (ʌpˈsɛt)
11.
overturned or capsized
12.
emotionally or physically disturbed or distressed
13.
disordered; confused
14.
defeated or overthrown
Derived Forms
upsettable, adjective
upsetter, noun
upsetting, adjective
upsettingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14 (in the sense: to set up, erect; C19 in the sense: to overthrow); related to Middle High German ūfsetzen to put on, Middle Dutch opzetten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for upset
v.

mid-15c., "to set up, fix," from up + set (v.). Cf. Middle Dutch opsetten, German aufsetzen. Modern sense of "overturn, capsize" (1803) is that of obsolete overset. Meaning "to throw into mental discomposure" is from 1805. The noun sense of "overturning of a vehicle or boat" is recorded from 1804.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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