9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[v. uhp-turn, uhp-turn; n. uhp-turn] /v. ʌpˈtɜrn, ˈʌpˌtɜrn; n. ˈʌpˌtɜrn/
verb (used with object)
to turn up or over:
The farmer upturned clumps of sod with his spade.
to cause disorder; upheave:
The storm upturned the town.
to direct or turn upward:
She upturned her face toward heaven and prayed.
verb (used without object)
to turn up or upward:
Her eyes upturned to see his face.
chaos or extreme disorder, as in society; an upheaval.
an upward turn, or a changing and rising movement, as in prices or business.
Origin of upturn
1300-50; Middle English: to overturn; see up-, turn Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for upturn
  • And if the economy does manage that upturn, then surely government bond prices will fall sharply.
  • Even that tentative upturn relied on unparalleled looseness in fiscal and monetary policy.
  • But the lack of a sharp upturn means such partial recompense has not been forthcoming this time round.
  • Historically, when there is an upturn in advertising expenditure, it tends to rise faster than the wider economy.
  • And in the early stages of an upturn there is often a lag between vacancies rising and unemployment falling.
  • We cannot yet get consolation from signs of an upturn in economic activity.
  • There is certainly no sign that a normal cyclical upturn is taking hold.
  • Spending for durable goods turned up, mainly reflecting an upturn in motor vehicles and parts.
  • Recently, public interest in wildlife-oriented activities such as photography and viewing have taken a dramatic upturn.
  • To some extent, the upturn in core inflation reflected the indirect effects of higher energy prices.
British Dictionary definitions for upturn


verb (ʌpˈtɜːn)
to turn or cause to turn up, over, or upside down
(transitive) to create disorder
(transitive) to direct upwards
noun (ˈʌpˌtɜːn)
an upward turn, trend, or improvement
an upheaval or commotion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for upturn

1868, "upturned part," from up + turn. Meaning "improvement" (especially in economics) is from 1930.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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