the act or fact of urbanizing, or taking on the characteristics of a city: Urbanization has led to more air pollution and increasing childhood asthma.
Also, especially British, urbanisation.

urbaniz(e) + -ation

overurbanization, noun
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World English Dictionary
urbanize or urbanise (ˈɜːbəˌnaɪz)
(usually passive)
 a.  to make (esp a predominantly rural area or country) more industrialized and urban
 b.  to cause the migration of an increasing proportion of (rural dwellers) into cities
urbanise or urbanise
urbani'zation or urbanise
urbani'sation or urbanise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

urbanization definition

The process by which cities grow or by which societies become more urban.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The food shortage is caused a lot by urbanisation, less farm lands.
What is clear is that urbanisation is changing the way alcohol is drunk.
And, globally, the provision of water to cities is not keeping pace with
Located in big cities, they accelerate urbanisation.
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