|a republic in South America, on the Atlantic: Spanish colonization began in 1624, followed by Portuguese settlement in 1680; revolted against Spanish rule in 1820 but was annexed by the Portuguese to Brazil; gained independence in 1825. It consists mainly of rolling grassy plains, low hills, and plateaus. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Montevideo. Pop: 3 439 000 (2004 est). Area: 176 215 sq km (68 037 sq miles)|
Note: Uruguay was under a repressive and violent military government from 1973 to 1985.
Note: It is a major producer of beef, leather, and wool.