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vanish

[van-ish] /ˈvæn ɪʃ/
verb (used without object)
1.
to disappear from sight, especially quickly; become invisible:
The frost vanished when the sun came out.
2.
to go away, especially furtively or mysteriously; disappear by quick departure:
The thief vanished in the night.
3.
to disappear by ceasing to exist; come to an end:
The pain vanished after he took an aspirin.
4.
Mathematics. (of a number, quantity, or function) to become zero.
verb (used with object)
5.
to cause to disappear.
noun
6.
Phonetics. the last part of a vowel sound when it differs noticeably in quality from the main sound, as the faint (ē) at the end of the (ā) in the pronunciation of pain.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English vanisshen, vanissen < Middle French evaniss-, long stem of e(s)vanirLatin ex- ex- + vānēscere to pass away, equivalent to vān(us) vain + -ēscere inchoative suffix
Related forms
vanisher, noun
vanishingly, adverb
vanishment, noun
nonvanishing, adjective
outvanish, verb (used with object)
unvanishing, adjective
Synonyms
1. evanesce. See disappear.
Antonyms
1. appear.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for vanishment

vanish

/ˈvænɪʃ/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to disappear, esp suddenly or mysteriously
2.
to cease to exist; fade away
3.
(maths) to become zero
noun
4.
(phonetics, rare) the second and weaker of the two vowels in a falling diphthong
Derived Forms
vanisher, noun
vanishingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: vanissen, from Old French esvanir, from Latin ēvānēscere to evaporate, from ē-ex-1 + vānēscere to pass away, from vānus empty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for vanishment
vanish
c.1300, from aphetic form of stem of O.Fr. esvanir "disappear," from V.L. *exvanire, from L. evanescere "disappear, die out," from ex- "out" + vanescere "vanish," from vanus "empty" (see vain). Vanishing point in perspective drawing is recorded from 1797.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with vanishment
see under into thin air
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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