[vang-kwish, van-]
verb (used with object)
to conquer or subdue by superior force, as in battle.
to defeat in any contest or conflict; be victorious over: to vanquish one's opponent in an argument.
to overcome or overpower: He vanquished all his fears.

1300–50; Middle English vencuschen, venquisshen < Old French vencus past participle and venquis past tense of veintre < Latin vincere to overcome

vanquishable, adjective
vanquisher, noun
vanquishment, noun
unvanquishable, adjective
unvanquished, adjective
unvanquishing, adjective

1. subjugate, suppress, crush, quell. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vanquish (ˈvæŋkwɪʃ)
1.  to defeat or overcome in a battle, contest, etc; conquer
2.  to defeat or overcome in argument or debate
3.  to conquer (an emotion)
[C14: vanquisshen, from Old French venquis vanquished, from veintre to overcome, from Latin vincere]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., from O.Fr. venquis (past tense), and vencus (p.p.), from veintre "defeat," from L. vincere "defeat" (see victor). Influenced in M.E. by M.Fr. vainquiss-, present stem of vainquir "conquer," from O.Fr. vainkir, alteration of veintre.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But in either case not a malevolent foe who is going to vanquish or surrender
  to me.
They're basically taking ammunition from a foe they're about to vanquish and
  handing it to one they'll face.
But that means finding some way to vanquish the glare of the star.
Procreation is too much a part of us to vanquish quickly.
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