[vang-kwish, van-]
verb (used with object)
to conquer or subdue by superior force, as in battle.
to defeat in any contest or conflict; be victorious over: to vanquish one's opponent in an argument.
to overcome or overpower: He vanquished all his fears.

1300–50; Middle English vencuschen, venquisshen < Old French vencus past participle and venquis past tense of veintre < Latin vincere to overcome

vanquishable, adjective
vanquisher, noun
vanquishment, noun
unvanquishable, adjective
unvanquished, adjective
unvanquishing, adjective

1. subjugate, suppress, crush, quell. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vanquish (ˈvæŋkwɪʃ)
1.  to defeat or overcome in a battle, contest, etc; conquer
2.  to defeat or overcome in argument or debate
3.  to conquer (an emotion)
[C14: vanquisshen, from Old French venquis vanquished, from veintre to overcome, from Latin vincere]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., from O.Fr. venquis (past tense), and vencus (p.p.), from veintre "defeat," from L. vincere "defeat" (see victor). Influenced in M.E. by M.Fr. vainquiss-, present stem of vainquir "conquer," from O.Fr. vainkir, alteration of veintre.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Cultural barbarians have vanquished the life of the mind.
In decades past, vanquished political foes tended to end up purged, imprisoned
  or dead.
These riders, ready to die for their new lord, vanquished enemies and unified
  former rivals under a single banner as never before.
The bookman gets his, the adjuncts get a tiny boost, and some office clutter is
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