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city, Lombardia (Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. It lies among the Alpine foothills descending to the Lake Varese, north of Milan. The modern Piazza Monte Grappa is a square in the centre of the city. Notable buildings include the basilica of San Vittore (1580-1615), with paintings of the 17th-century Lombard school and a Baroque bell tower; the Municipal Palace (1766-72), a former castle of the dukes of Este with adjacent scenic landscaped public gardens; and the civic museum, displaying prehistoric, Roman, and natural-history exhibits. The environs of Varese include Sacro Mountain, with the pilgrimage church of Santa Maria del Monte (1684) symbolizing the Holy Rosary, and Campo dei Fiori Mountain, site of an important observatory. Industries include the manufacture of leather goods, particularly shoes, together with textiles, machinery, and plastics. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 82,809.